Social Ecology SE194W F98 MIDTERM 2 - Naturalistic Field...

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Unformatted text preview: Naturalistic Field Research SE 194w, ‘IIII" a Professor Novaco Mid-Term II Fall 1998 The exam has 25 multiple choice that are worth one point each. PUT YOUR NAME ON EVERY PAGE and ON THE SCANTRON. l. Loo's study of Chinatown focused on a number of outcome dimensions, one of which was neighborhood satisfaction. Compared to the overall United States population, she found that the residents of Chinatown were a. b. 0 much more satisfied a little more satisfied about the same in degree of satisfaction less satisfied she neglected to compare national statistics 2, As you learned in the lecture about Loo's results, in order to understand the meaning of a negative correlation coefficient, you g. c. . d. e. must first calculate what a positive coefficient would be must know the operational variables must calCulate the square root must derive the degrees of freedom must conduct a chi—square test 3. The immigration of Chinese to the United States began around the time of " c. d. e. /f what historical period? the 1849 gold rush after the Civil War in the early 18703 after the European immigrations in the late 19th century after the second European wave in the early 20th century after the first World War £_ 7 The study by Yu-Wen Ying on Chinese Americans in San Francisco. amined psychological well-being as a criterion variable. That criterion was principally indexed by what measure(s)? a. b. c. an alienation scale \ an affect balance scale personal hardiness inventory Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale b & d Ty< The main predictor variable in that study by Yu—Wen Ying was (a). C . d. e. cultural orientation perceptions of neighborhood safety age residential location degree of learning disability The analysis of illness stories that you read by Price was based on accounts obtained from four cases selected by Price questionnaires distributed at local clinics representative sampling of hospital intake cases d. health records of village schools In her field research in Quito, Price found that accounts of ness encoded a great deal of knowledge concerning mental health practices personal validation c. the male perspective d‘ economic transactions failed to obtain accounts of each illness case from more than one source. . true .. false 9. Which of the following best characterizes qualitative field research, in distinction from quantitative field research? \JflxéOne criticism of the internal validity of Price's study is that sh a. the study is done in a real world setting ._ there are multiple occasions of observation . the study of categories a all of the above e. none of the above 10. Braginsky, Braginsky, and Ring wrote a book called Ihe Mental H i al L R r , to which Rosenhan refers. In this book the authors refer to patients who manage to escape the attention of hospital staff. They called these patients: "(él/"invisible patients" C “treatment resistant" c. "chronic back ward patients" d. "demoralized patients” /lI{/The patients in state psychiatric hospitals (long-term institutions) are in two general classes of commitment: civil and penal code. A penal code commitment patient is someone who is: a. not guilty by reason of insanity _b: incompetent to stand trial c. a mentally disordered criminal committed from a priSOn d. a mentally disordered person committed to the hospital as a condition of parole all of the above 12. Goffman's field research at St. Elizabeth's Hospital was conducted so that he could investigate _ a._diagnostic differences between patients E ’ b. the effectiveness of psychotherapy 1 the prognosis for schizophrenia (j) the subjective experience of patient life in the hospital Igégfi Goffman's ideas about mental illness follow sociological views ‘ deviance having the self as a central concept, as found in which perspective below, articulated by Denzin? a. functionalism b. opportunity structure -34 role congruence 4 symbolic interactionism \lg, Goffman's field work at St. Elizabeth's hospital was conducted in the 19505. He was concerned with understanding the subjective experience of patients in a mental hospital. In his analysis, the mental patients undergo a process that he called "mortification", whereby the patient is a. progressively helped to face fears stripped of customary affirmations of the self detached from cares and concerns d. overwhelmed by depression 15. In his analysis, the moral career of the mental patient is marked by \ abandonment, disloyalty, and embitterment \ -. unique spiritual revelations . \ c. gradual improvements in self—esteem d. self—generated opportunities 16. You were shown a segment from a documentary film which was made at Metropolitan State Hospital in the late 19705. The segment that you viewed concerned what activity in the hospital? a case conference 1-3, group psychotherapy \c. occupational therapy dt medication distribution e. none of the above 1/7 . /' fig) Differential selection is a major threat to internal validity t--.'i naturalistic research. You have seen that one approach to the problem of differential selection is the use of covariates in statistical analyses. The use of covariate analyses is intended to remove the effect of a. functional equivalence in variable selection operational substitutes produced by biased measures (E) confounding variables associated with the predictor that are also related to the criterion _ . ' d. non—generalizable factors associated with the criterion ( vf-L I I n 1 {is} The criterion variable in the Rosenhan study was \ . ,e gal subjective experience of the patients ‘bfl patient behavior on the ward [fi\ degree of emotional distress Mfi i psychiatric diagnosis fjl‘ \ . actual disorder in the case history 19. Regarding the Rosenhan study, the initial presentation of symptoms by the pseudopatients was a_ assessed for inter-rater reliability Nbixindependently confirmed by another observer c. systematically varied in magnitude and duration c. all of the above 56 none of the above :figg’The study by Konecni and his colleagues at UC San Diego r arding risk-taking in traffic had what internal validity weakness? they examined too many types of driver decisions they did not examine inter—observer reliability they did not have a control sample all of the above none of the above 09.0.65” /?}f< In the study by Klofas and Cutshall on graffiti at a juvenile detention facility, the internal validity problem was that they a. selected an obtrusive measure b. did not do a reliability analysis of their categorizations "mc. did not conduct interviews with former staff and inmates all of the above 6?) none of the above 22. The Baron and Ransberger study of ambient temperature and collective violence obtained results that show a curvilinear relationship between these variables. Subsequently, Carlsmith and Anderson found the same pattern of relationship between ambient temperature and _, .-. sexual assault .. baseball games . homicide d. traffic violations e. none of the above 23. In the commuting stress research, subjective impedance was aSsessed by questionnaire measures of perceived constraints. ? . true ”-s. false 24. Reciprocal links between home, work, and commuting were investigated in research conducted at UCI regarding commuting stress. When the psychological conditions in one of these environments affect, either positively or negatively, outcomes in another of these environments, this was called a. residual influence stress mitigation and amplification -(:> interdomain transfer effects / . psychological transportation e. none of the above 25. In addition to the quasi—experimental study on commuting stress that you read (Novaco, Kliewer, and Broquet, 1991), which involved approximately 100 commuters from two companies, studied with many psychological measurements in one block of time, the UCI research team has also conducted studies that a. were longitudinal b. involved physiological measures had a large sample representative of southern California <:) all of the above none of the above ...
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