ICS 122 11 12 13 - ICS 122 CH 11 1 In your production...

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ICS 122 CH. 11 1. In your production database, data manipulation language (DML) operations are executed on the SALES table. You have noticed some dubious values in the SALES table during the last few days. You are able to track users, actions taken, and the time of the action for this particular period but the changes in data are not tracked. You decide to keep track of both the old data and new data in the table long with the user information. A: Implement value-based auditing. 2. The extra information that is collected by fine-grained auditing includes: A. The system change number (SCN), which records every change to the system. B. The exact SQL text executed by the user and the bind variables used with the SQL text if the AUDIT_TRAIL=DB, EXTENDED. C. A serial number for each audit record. D. A statement number that links multiple audit entries that originate from a single statement. A: B and C 3. SQL> AUDIT DROP ANY TABLE BY chris BY SESSION WHENEVER SUCCESSFUL; What is the effect of this command? A: c. One audit record is created for the whole session if user CHRIS successfully drops one or more tables in his session 4. If you created the database manually with the CREATE DATABASE command, the AUDIT_TRAIL is set to _______ by default. A: b. None 5. To make audit information more productive, the DBA executes the following command before starting an audit operations: SQL>ALTER SYSTEM SET AUDIT_TRAIL=DB,EXTENDED SCOPE=SPFILE;
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Which statement is true regarding the audit record generated when auditing starts after restarting the database? A: b. It contains the SQL text executed by the user and the bind variables used with it 6. Which two statements are true about standard database auditing? A. DDL statements can be audited. B. Statements that refer to standalone procedure can be audited. C. Operations by the users logged on as SYSDBA cannot be audited. D. Only one audit record is ever created for a session per audited statement even though it is executed more than once. A: b. A and B 7. Extends standard database auditing, capturing not only the audited event that occurred but also the actual values that were inserted, updated, or deleted. A: a. Value-based Auditing 8. Extends standard database auditing, capturing the actual SQL statement that was issued rather than only the fact that the event occurred.
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