before CyS class - Class Project CS-626 Introduction to...

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Class Project CS-626, Introduction to Cyber- Security Case Study: Home Depot Data Breach Submitted by : Praveen Bairagi School ID : 0782435 E-mail: [email protected] 1
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Abstract The largest hardware and building supply retailer’s POS (Point of Sale) systems had been infected with malware. An investigation concluded that a “unique, custom-built” malware had been used, which posed as anti-virus software. Use of stolen third-party vendor credentials and RAM scraping malware were instrumental in the success of data breached. Home Depot reported that the breach had cost over $33 million since then company has enabled the use of EMV chip-and-pin payment cards. The Implementation of Point-to-Point encryption and proper network segregation would have prevented the Home Depot data breach. 2
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Contents Abstract…………………………………………………………………………… .... 2 1.0 Introduction……………………………………………………………………...4 1.1 It wasn’t the first………………………………………………………...4 2.0 Better ways to take card payments……………………………………………...5 2.1 Mobile Payment…………………………………………………………6 2.2 Chip-and-Pin Cards……………………………………………………...6 2.3 Point-to-Point Encryption……………………………………………….6 3.0 Stealing credit cards……………………………………………………………...7 3.1 Memory Scraping Malware……………………………………………...7 4.0 The Home Depot Data Breach……………………………………………… ....... 7 4.1 Prevention & Detection……………………………………………… .... 8 4.2 What would have worked? .......................................................................... 8 4.3 What will work in the future? ...................................................................... 9 5.0 Preventing Home Depot……………………………………………………… .... 10 5.1 Point to Point Encryption…………………………………………… ..... 10 5.2 Network Segregation………………………………………………… .... 11 5.3 Managing Third Party Vendor Credentials…………………………….12 6.0 Conclusion…...……………………………………………………………… ..... 13 7.0 References………...………………………………………………………… ...... 14 3
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1.0 Introduction On September 18, 2013, Home Depot, the US home improvement retailer, released a statement indicating that its payment card systems were breached. Home Depot has said the breach affected people who used payment cards on its self-checkout terminals in U.S. and Canadian stores between April and September 2014. Home Depot explained that they would be offering free credit services to affected customers who used their payment card as early as April of 2014 and apologized for the data breach. It was later announced that 56 million payment cards had been compromised and at least 44 legal actions in the United States and Canada had been filed against it. They also reported $43 million in data breach-related
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