Chapter 1: Beginnings, Colonization and Settlement to 1733

Chapter 1: Beginnings, Colonization and Settlement to 1733...

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Chapter 1: Beginnings, Colonization and Settlement to 1733 Directions: For each term, you will need to be able to both clearly define and explain the significance of the term. For the study guide, at least 1-2 sentences on the significance of the term will be sufficient. Try connecting the term to one of the 7 themes (Identity, Work, Exchange, and Technology, Peopling, Politics and Power, America in the World, Environment and Geography, Ideas, Beliefs, and Culture) Terms/People 1. Bering Land Bridge After the Great Ice Age, the glaciers melted and sea level dropped revealing a land bridge connecting Eurasia with North America. Small bands of nomadic Asian hunters crossed the bridge (following migratory herds of game) to the American continents.-they were the “immigrant ancestors of the Native Americans 2. Iroquois Confederation A great nation state developed by Iroquis with organized policy and robust military to menace their neighbors. For over a century 3. Reconquista / Conquistador The christian kingdoms of Spain drove the North African Muslim Moors off the Iberian Penninsula (Spain)- Reconquista left Spaniards with military fever and seeking glory-so many men turned to Spian’s New World Fronteir. These men later conquered Mexico and Peru from Aztec and Inca half century after Columbus arrival- harsh toward NAs and tried to convert them 4. Encomienda System Spanish practice of securing adequate and cheap labor supply(feudalism)-conquistadors controlled NAs and required them to pay tribute for their land. In return conquistadors were to convert NAs to Christianity 5. Mesitzo The new race of children og the spanish conquistadors and Indians-formed a bridge between Latin America’s Europe and Indian races. 6. Treaty of Tordesillas Pope splits the New World between Portugual and Spain(Spain comes on top) 7. Columbian Exchange Exchange of animals food stuff and disease between old and New World.( Africa, Europe, and the Americas) ->New World:smallpox,influenze,malleria,sugar → Old World: Syphilis,potatoes,gold/silver 8. Popé’s Rebellion
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In New Mexico- Nas destroy ever Catholic church, many Spaniards die and missionaries. NAs fed up with Spanish forcing them to convert and taking away their culture-takes Spanish century to regain New Mexico Essential questions are ideas that cover the major themes of the chapter/unit of study. Each question should require at least seven (7) sentences. These questions are where many of my essay questions and DBQ’s will come from this year. Essential Questions: 1. To what extent did advanced civilization exist in the Americas prior to contact with Europeans? The Pueblo People had developed agriculture and irrigation systems and lived in small villages. For the most part, the natives werte scattered across the Americas . There was no dense concentration of population or complex nation states anywhere that were comparable to the Aztec or Inca empires. Most formed small agricultural groups and developed cultures that passed down power through the female side of the family tree.Native Americans had no desire to
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