ANTH 2351 Week 5 Reading Summary Jose Balanza Martinez

ANTH 2351 Week 5 Reading Summary Jose Balanza Martinez -...

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Jose Balanza Martinez ANTH 2351-03 Week 5 2/13/2016 Chapter 5 Summary In this chapter, the book explains the beginning of anthropology in the nineteenth century as a field of study of the “lesser” cultures by Europeans, and how it has evolved into what is known today; even if the goals of the several fields of anthropology are not agreed universally today. These early anthropologists argued that cultures evolved from primitive to complex and categorized cultures accordingly. Later on in the nineteenth century, American and British anthropologists revoked unilineal evolutionism and argued that seeing a culture as “primitive” varies on the point of view and that each culture serves to meet the necessities of their members. They also agreed that fieldwork was crucial for anthropology. By the mid twentieth century, anthropologists known as neoevolutionists returned to cultural evolution but with a different perspective; they thought that a culture advanced through discovering and sharing new
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