Chapter 5 Assessment (Anatomy & Physiology)

Chapter 5 Assessment (Anatomy & Physiology) - Jada...

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Jada Joseph Mrs. Hess Anatomy and Physiology Due: October 16, 2015 Chapter 5 Assessment (p. 114) 1. The four major tissue types are epithelial, nervous, muscular, and connective. 2. Epithelial tissues are found throughout the body; the epithelium covers organs, forms the inner lining of body cavities, and lines hollow organs. Connective tissues bind structures and are widely distributed throughout the body. Muscle tissues are attached to bones, in the walls of hollow internal organs, and the heart. Nervous tissues are found in the brain, the spinal cord, and nerves. 3. A general characteristic of epithelial tissues is that cells readily divide. 4. Simple squamous epithelium consists of a single layer of thin, flattened cells; that fit tightly together; substances pass easily through simple squamous epithelium, which is common at sites of diffusion and filtration and osmosis. Simple cuboidal epithelium consists of a single layer of cube-shaped cells; simple cuboidal epithelium covers the ovaries and lines most of the kidney tubules and ducts of certain glands. In the kidneys,
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