motivation incomplete - Introduction to OB Motivation...

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Introduction to OB Motivation Theories Motivation as the processes that account for an individual intensity,direction and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal. Hierarchy of Needs Theory .Abraham Maslow five needs 1)physiological –include basic things such as hunger,shelter,sex and other bodily needs 2)Safety-Security and protection from physical and emotional harm 3)Social-Affection,belongingness,acceptance and friendship 4)Esteem-Internal factors such as self respect,autonomy and achievement and external factors such as status,recognition and attention. 5)Self-actualization –Drive to become what we are capable of becoming,includes growth,achieving our potential and self fulfillment. So if u want to motivate someone according to Maslow you need to understand what level of hierarchy that person is currently on and focus on satisfying needs at or above that level Physiological and Safety needs were lower order needs and social,esteem and self actualization were high order needs.
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High order needs were satisfied internally within the person whereas the lower order needs are predominantly satisfied externally by things such as pay,union contracts and tenure. Provide alternative to behaviorist theories that posited only physiolofical and safety needs as important.It is logical and easy to understand. Maslow provided no empirical substantiation and several studies that sought to validate it found no support for it. Theory X and Theory Y THEORY X –NEGATIVE THEORY Y-POSITIVE Theory x -dislike work and must therefoe be directed or even coerced into performing it . Theory Y Mangers assume employees can view work as being as natural as rest or play and therefore the average person can learn to accept and even seek,responsibility.
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