Course Hero Logo

African Music.pdf - The Oxford Handbook of Children's...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 13 pages.

The Oxford Handbook of Children's Musical CulturesPatricia Shehan Campbell (ed.),Trevor Wiggins (ed.)Published:2012Online ISBN:9780199971442Print ISBN:9780199737635CHAPTERPages 350–368Published:06 November 2012AbstractKeywords:musical activities,childrenʼs songs,singing,games,African American,music,cultureSubject:Ethnomusicology,MusicSeries:Oxford Handbooks20The Musical Culture of African American Children inTennesseeMarvelene C. MooreThis article examines music-making by African American children. It focuses on two singing gamesplayed by children at Red Elementary School in Applesville, Tennessee, and another singing game fromthe author’s childhood. Games and songs serve as a homogenizing agent in stabilizing issues of race,poverty, and social injustice that concern African Americans within their communities. Further, thegames contribute to the formation and maintenance of personal and group identity, survival,socialization, solidarity, cooperation, and strength within the group. The songs of African Americanchildren also re±ect features of African American adult music.AFRICANAmerican children are known for their ingenious, inventive, and highly rhythmic singing andchanting games, jump rope games, hand clapping games, and line dances. Each day they generate, perform,and pass on these games to their family, friends, and others who listen, watch, and may join them in theirperformance (Gaunt 2006: 1). The children preserve, invent, and reinvent these forms of expression forreasons that include sheer pleasure and enjoyment, the social interaction that they provide, and the releaseof energy that these songs allow. These children’s musical forms also serve a historical purpose as a vitallink to a rich African American music heritage that has been transmitted from generation to generation.They re±ect the rhythmic complexities of ragtime and jazz, the sliding and bending notes heard in spiritualsand the blues, and the fervor of gospel music, poetic verse, and the rhythms of rap. In the Southern region ofthe United States, one of the main vehicles for transmission of African American music and culture has beenthrough children’s games. The games are often learned by the children from adults and preserved throughplayful interactions.Children on the playground of Red School (a pseudonym), an urban elementary school in Applesville,Tennessee take ownership of their musical games as well and describe them in vivid ways that emphasizetheir personal, mutual, and communal interests and identities with them. Listen to the children as theydescribe the musical games they play:p. 351MM:What is the name of your game?Child:“Apple on a Stick.”MM:How did you learn to play the game?Child:My sister taught me.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 13 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
N/A
Tags

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture