Lec10 - Lec10 Tuesday March 29 2 016 10:11 A M Audio 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Lec10 Tuesday, March 29, 2 016 10:11 A M Audio 1 Audio recording started: 10:11 AM Tuesday, March 29, 2016 • • • 1949-­‐ • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1949 revolution: 1921 -­‐ first meeting of Communist party in China Of the 13 ppl in that meeting-­‐ one of them is Mao Ze Dong Oct 1-­‐ Mao stands and announces and founded the people' republic of China Marxism appeals attractive to Chinese intellectuals Marx-­‐ first translated in Japan because Japan intellectual interested Strong Marxist tradtion in Japanese universities There's an attraction across East Asia Universal vs particular explanations Class struggle-­‐ why so important How did Mao adapt these principle to suit the conditions in China at that time How Chinese intellectuals are taking these works and interpreting them -­‐ revolutionary strategy Early Marx-­‐ very defined takes on early nature The idea of work and labor Marx is always looked upon as having a relationship with socialist countries-­‐ for that he is dismissed but for other perspective-­‐ analyst of capitalism Marx -­‐ important point-­‐ circulation of capital seems so natural, shows that capitalism is historically created, capitalism is not natural. Because it's historically created-­‐ as time goes on it might not seems so natural. When Marx writes this Communist manifesto -­‐ speaks of capitalism as a revolutionary force Fundamental contradiction based on mode of production-­‐ materialist view of the way that society develops over time Communist manifesto -­‐ period of capitalism -­‐ talks about the class relations Speaks almost glowingly about the bourgeois 3 major concerns: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • revolutionary force Fundamental contradiction based on mode of production-­‐ materialist view of the way that society develops over time Communist manifesto -­‐ period of capitalism -­‐ talks about the class relations Speaks almost glowingly about the bourgeois 3 major concerns: ○ Forms of the economy= modes of production ○ Formation of classes at the time of any particular mode of production ○ Relations between these classes These 3 concerns-­‐ give you a revolutionary strategy Communist parties by defn are historians There's great debates about the stages of economic development and the proletriats between factions of the Chinese communist parties Marxist view-­‐ proleterian is the revolutionary class First time -­‐ trying to recruit proleteriats= ppl died-­‐ what went wrong? Not enough modes of production to coop with the proleteriats "All that is solid melts into air" Things that seem to be substantial are not and vanish Bourgeois make own gravediggers-­‐ as things acclerate-­‐-­‐ creating a larger proletaria -­‐ making their own downfall There's going to be a question on the communist manifesto on the Final What possibilities for revolution did Marxism offer in China Marx talks about the proletariat Earlier on, Chinese not interested in Marxism -­‐ what changed? 1917 -­‐ Bolshevik revolution -­‐ Russia was not an inudstrialized country with a large number of proletariat -­‐ creates this parallel that exists with China At this time, China has been subjected to many imperialist power Not only do you have a revolution in the Zarist regime-­‐ unilaterally announces-­‐ gonna get rid of unequal treaties-­‐ large amount of appeal Even though Soviet has an revolution. China is wondering how to they pursue a revolution -­‐ issue with the warlords and disunified country Mao has been involved in some of these uprisings and gets caught-­‐ barely escapes from execution Why did mao start to focus on the peasants ? Trying to make marx believe in socioeconomic conditions Signify -­‐ make it chinese Always universal, marxism has to take on a national form before it can be applied There's no abstract marxism only concrete marxism Chinese perculiarities emphasis and having to match marxism with it-­‐ mode of marxism for the Chinese Communist parties -­‐ works until today Think about the eurocentrism arguments that were made-­‐ diffusionism -­‐ how to get out of some of these dilemmas Abstract marxism is a type of argument about the weird nature that is not rooted in china • Chinese perculiarities emphasis and having to match marxism with it-­‐ mode of marxism for the Chinese Communist parties -­‐ works until today • Think about the eurocentrism arguments that were made-­‐ diffusionism -­‐ how to get out of some of these dilemmas • Abstract marxism is a type of argument about the weird nature that is not rooted in china • Critique of marxism-­‐ it's alien -­‐ it's not part of the chinese tradition -­‐ by being a marxist -­‐ abandoning your traditions • Mao wants to argue against this critique • Choosing specific elements and rejecting other elements • Creativity is something that hsould be highlighted • It's not just these abstract comments-­‐ has to do politics on the ground at the particular moment Essay • Explain the two sentences-­‐ core analytical sentences that the author used to describe the phenemenon of the modern girl • Not this documenting of social change • Silverburg approach to the issue of gender -­‐ • 2nd part : • Who's afraid of the modern chinese girl -­‐ • That anxiety is also talked about in silverburg's article in japan as well -­‐ connection between the two article • 3rd part: • Janice kim-­‐ factory women in korea • Go back to lectures that atlked about gender in the class -­‐ ko • 6 page double space max -­‐ 2 pages per part of question • Strategize the way you write • Explicity how best to answer the question before writing it • kO-­‐ DEUCHLER • Deuchler-­‐ based on the silverburg and dong how you receive literature being used as a way to promote idealso f the time • The difference in ideals • Traditional women vs modern girl • Warning: don’t' accept the terrible way of speaking about traditioanl women • Raditional women -­‐ undrstanding the new attitudes towards the population, nationalism, gender fitting into new notions of the time, simpfilging women when the reality was different because of the class difference s • Can talk about traditional women as a type of invented tradition being mobilized for specific political purposes • Mao article-­‐ socialist thinking -­‐ be wary • Contemporary moment where the social lives of women are completely different from what's described -­‐ janice kim • The sexual gaze on the women body that's used in the movies, the importance of the print culture, dissonance between representation of the women in the • • • • • mobilized for specific political purposes Mao article-­‐ socialist thinking -­‐ be wary Contemporary moment where the social lives of women are completely different from what's described -­‐ janice kim The sexual gaze on the women body that's used in the movies, the importance of the print culture, dissonance between representation of the women in the media vs their actual social lives Historians are we reproducing the voyeurism? Think about the factory girls who are far more numerous in this period vs the women who have the money Look at modern girl lecture ...
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