Bio Homework_Genetics

Bio Homework_Genetics - Section 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11...

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Section 1 1. Gregor Mendel 2. Heredity is the passing on of traits from a parent to an offspring. 3. Mendel used peas for his experiment. 4. The seven characteristics in Mendel’s experiment were plant height, flower position on stem, pod color, pod appearance, seed texture, seed color, and flower color. 5. To study the pea plant traits, Mendel controlled the pollination of the plants. 6. Pollination is the transferring of pollen from the stigma to the anthers. Two types are self- pollination and cross-pollination. 7. Pea plants usually self-pollinate. 8. Cross-pollination can occur in pea plants by manually moving pollen from the stigma to the anthers. 9. Mendel pure breaded the pea plants to obtain pure pea plants. 10. The P 1 generation is the true-breeding parents. They are obtained by true-breading. 11. He cross-pollinated the P 1 generation and obtained the F 1 generation, or the offspring of the P 1 generation and the first filial generation.
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