FinalExam16 (2) - Cell Physiology Final Exam Fall 2016...

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Cell Physiology Final Exam Fall 2016 First Name ____________ Last Name___________ All questions are worth 1 point, unless otherwise noted. The exam has 101 possible points. Please note that there are 62 questions on 11 pages. 1. The exposure of a developing embryo to some kinds of pesticides can lead to a dramatically new phenotype (for example, a predisposition to certain types of cancer). In most cases, DNA sequencing of the embryo and the mother do not show any changes in genotype. This is a classic example of a. Mendelian inheritance of a mutation in a specific gene. b. Non-Mendelian inheritance due to an epigenetic change. c. Non-Mendelian inheritance of a mutation in a specific gene. d. Mendelian inheritance due to an epigenetic change. 2. The strength of one of the chemical bonds below is dramatically decreased in the presence of water. a. Van der Waals interaction b. Covalent bond c. Ionic bond d. Hydrophobic interaction 3. Biological macromolecules are put together by condensation reactions that polymerize activated building blocks. a. True b. False 4. Reactions with positive standard free energy changes ( G o ’>0) can be made to occur in cells by: a. Coupling them to the hydrolysis of ATP. b. Coupling them with exergonic reactions via a common intermediate. c. Manipulating the concentrations of products and reactants such that G <0. d. All of the above 5. Eukaryotic plant cells primarily use the glycolytic pathway in opposite directions in the cytosol and chloroplasts, hence the pathway is: a. Amphibolic b. Anabolic c. Catabolic 6. Glycolysis has to “prime” the substrate glucose before it can subsequently extract energy from the pathway. What is the compound it uses to do this? 7. What is the primary function of mitochondria? 8. Production of ATP in glycolysis is referred to as: a. Substrate-level phosphorylation b. Oxidative Phosphorylation 9. Production of ATP in mitochondria is referred to as a. Substrate-level Phosphorylation b. Oxidative Phosphorylation 10. Which of the following statements about chloroplasts is FALSE?
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