Psy1_Fall_16_FGMidterm_2 - Page 1 PSYCHOLOGY 1 Introduction...

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Page 1 PSYCHOLOGY 1 -- Introduction to Psychology Fall 2016 Alan J. Fridlund, Ph.D. FAIR-GAME SHEET - MIDTERM EXAM ( LAST REVISION 10-27-2016 ) (Added Items Below are in Red) Notice All Course materials (class lectures and discussions, handouts, examinations, Web materials) and the intellectual content of the Course itself are protected by United States Federal Copyright Law, and the California Civil Code. UC Policy 102.23 expressly prohibits students (and all other persons) from recording lectures or discussions and from distributing or selling lectures notes and all other course materials without the prior written permission of the Instructor (See http://policy.ucop.edu/doc/2710530/PACAOS-100 ). Students are permitted to make notes solely for their own private educational use. Exceptions to accommodate students with disabilities may be granted with appropriate documentation. To be clear, in this class students are forbidden from completing study guides and selling them to any person or organization. The text has been approved by UC General Counsel. Know About the Following Terms and Concepts: Introductory Lecture Types of psychology Brain-in-the-vat problem History and Research Methods Major philosophical quandaries: - mind-body or mind-brain problem - dualism / monism and variants - free will vs. determinism - nature vs. nurture Deductive vs. inductive methods Qualities of the scientific method - burden of proof - falsifiability of hypotheses - replicability of findings - parsimonious explanation - devaluation of anecdotal evidence Obstacles to experimental objectivity - experimenter bias - demand characteristics Ways to maximize experimental objectivity - "blinds" on observers and participants - placebos Naturalistic observations (definition) Case histories (definition) Correlational studies Correlation vs. causation Experiment (definition) Experimental and control conditions Dependent, independent variables Purpose of descriptive vs. inferential statistics
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