Chapter 3 chemistry - Hydrocarbon Fossil Fuels Common...

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Hydrocarbon & Fossil Fuels Common elements in organic compounds - Hydrogen - Boron - Carbon - Nitrogen - Oxygen - Fluorine - Silicon - Phosphorus - Sulfur - Chlorine - Bromine - Iodine Hydrocarbons - Aliphatic Alkanes Cycloalkanes Alkenes Alkynes - Aromatic Alkanes - C n H 2n+2 - only single covalent bonds - saturated hydrocarbons – contain the maximum number of hydrogen atoms that can bond with the number of carbon atoms in the molecule Methane, Ethane, Propane, Butane, Pentane, Hexane, Heptane, Octane, Nonane, Decane Structural isomers are molecules that have the same molecular formula but different structures, such as Butane and Isobutane with similar to methylpropane The parent name of the hydrocarbon is that given to the longest continuous chain of carbon
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