NST 10 practice questions used in review class 112216 (1)

NST 10 practice questions used in review class 112216 (1) -...

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1. Metabolic fitness, A. Is essentially impossible to be present for someone who is overweight or obese; this is a contradiction in terms B. Is an independent risk factor from obesity for cardiovascular disease C. Can be achieved by exercise in some individuals without changing their body weight, although body composition may be altered. D. Can influence the risk for cardiovascular disease at any level of obesity E. B, C,and E 2. Muscle accrual is influenced by a number of factors, including a. Dietary protein intake b. Muscle stretch or tension (resistance) c. Dietary energy intake d. Genetics e. All of the above 3. Obesity is most highly prevalent in a. Young people b. Ethnic minorities in the U.S. c. Wealthy urbanites d. Women e. Europe 4. The process of carcinogenesis is generally believed to have several important features, such as: A. Time-frame of decades in humans, perhaps due to the requirement for multiple mutations in a clone of neoplastic cells . B. Possibility of being slowed by dietary constituents that reduce the proliferation rate of target cells, as suggested to occur for phytoestrogens from soy C. Is not typically be increased by foods, which are natural products and therefore unlikely to cause DNA damage D. Requirement for an intense chemical, radiation or other mutagenic signal to occur early in the process to create multiple concurrent sites of DNA damage in a single cell E. A and B 5. Exercise can be divided into two main categories, with different characteristics, A. Aerobic training requires brief, intense workouts of less than a minute to stimulate mitochondrial biogenesis and increase maximal oxygen uptake B. Power exercise training programs based on physiologic principles will give essentially the same muscle anabolic response in everyone C. Some athletic activities, like soccer (international football) or basketball, combine both aerobic and power exercise
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D. The addition of anabolic steroids (potent androgen agonists) to a regimen
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