Week 10.1 - Motivation CLASS - Motivation The Story of Aron...

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11/1/16 1 Motivation 11/1/16 The Story of Aron Ralston… Discussion Question What do you feel personally motivates YOU? What made you get out of bed today? Motivation A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towards a goal. Examples of needs/desires: – Sex – Hunger – Belonging Theories of where motivation comes from: – Instinct theory evolutionary perspective – Drive reduction theory – Optimal arousal theory – Hierarchy of needs/motives Instinct Theory An instinct is a fixed (rigid and predictable) pattern of behavior that is not acquired by learning and is likely to be rooted in genes and the body Other species have genetically programmed instincts “motivating” their actions. Do humans? – Human babies show certain reflexes (e.g., sucking reflex), but in general, our behavior is less prescribed by genetics than other animals – We may, however, have general patterns of behavior which can be explained as emerging through natural selection
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