Chapter 5 IQ - Chapter 5 Independent Questions Social and...

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Chapter 5 Independent Questions – Social and Personality Development in Infancy I. Theories of Social and Personality Development A. Psychoanalytical Perspectives – Optional Reading B. Ethological Perspectives – Optional Reading Research Report: Adoption and Development 1. Read the research report entitled “Adoption and Development” on p. 140. (a) Why might the formation of attachment be more challenging for infants that are adopted? (See the first paragraph) (b) What did Elinor Ames’s (1997) research with Romanian orphans find? (c) What did Lucy LeMare’s (2001) research with Romanian orphans find? II. Attachment A. The Parents’ Attachment to the Infant 2. (a) Define synchrony . (b) Identify the parental behaviours that are similar between fathers and mothers. (c) Identify the parental behaviours that are different between fathers and mothers. (d) In the final paragraph of this section, it states “However the elements of father involvement that benefit infants are not the same in every culture.” Identify the research findings that illustrate how the benefits of father involvement are cultural-specific. - Research Study #4: In highly patriarchal societies, high levels of father control (coercion) are associated with positive social skills in infants. Low patriarchal societies, high father control lead to negative social skills in infants B. The Infants’ Attachment to the Parents - Optional Reading C. Variations in Attachment Quality - Optional Reading D. Caregiver characteristics and attachment i. Emotional Responsiveness 3. (a) Define the two crucial ingredients for secure attachment.
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