Lecture Template - Ch. 8 (1 of 1)

Lecture Template - Ch. 8 (1 of 1) - Kohlbergs Theory of...

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Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Reasoning (Relates to Ch. 8 IQs - #4-7) (Don’t need to know the name of the stages) Level (3) Stage (6) Nature of Moral Reasoning Pre-Conventional - have not yet internalized social norms/rules 1 Moral reasoning is based on what is or is not punished (children stage) 2 Moral reasoning is based on whether following rules is in ones best interests (hedonistic stage) (children stage) Conventional - Has internalized and accepted social norms/rules - Without questioning them 3 Moral rules are based on the rules held by family members, peers, teachers, or God (people in ones local environment) (i.e., it is wrong because my mom says….) (adolescents stage) 4 Moral rules are based on laws (more abstract than stage 3) (adults stage) Post-Conventional - Has questioned social norms/rules - They may accept some social norms/rules but they also use self-chosen principles to guide their moral reasoning - Recognize social conventions are relative (place/time) 5 Moral rules include general principles that are self-chosen (i.e., the law stated that Jewish people in
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