01KOintro14-15 - Knowledge Organisation Introduction to...

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Knowledge Organisation Introduction to Knowledge Organisation © Robert Gordon University 2015 1 Topic 1: Introduction to Knowledge Organisation Topic Preview The aim of this topic is to introduce Knowledge Organisation (KO) as one of the major activities of the information profession. In the process it will: provide definitions of core concepts situate the activity in the context of Knowledge and Information Management review briefly the most common approaches to the organisation of knowledge discuss Knowledge Organisation for information retrieval purposes introduce the most common tools used in Knowledge Organisation The professional context Knowledge Organisation (KO) is a field of study which focuses on a long- standing professional activity, namely the activity of organising the knowledge that has been recorded in documents so that it can be retrieved from an information resource. In turn, Knowledge Organisation is part of a wider and multidisciplinary activity belonging to the field of Information and Library Science (ILS) which aims to support: The theory and practice of creating, acquiring, assessing and validating, organising, storing, transmitting, retrieving and disseminating information . The Institute of Information Scientists and The Library Association, 1998 1 There are many information environments where the skills of Knowledge Organisation are urgently needed. They include: libraries of all types (physical and virtual), archives, museums and art galleries, record management and knowledge management environments. Within these 1 The Institute of Information Scientists and The Library Association Our professional future. A proposal for a new organisation for the library and information profession: a consultative document. November 1998. This document was accessed online shortly after its publication but the URL has been discontinued since.
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Knowledge Organisation Introduction to Knowledge Organisation © Robert Gordon University 2015 2 professional environments, end-users can access knowledge from a myriad of channels such as: Library OPACs (online public access catalogues) or discovery tools Bibliographic or full-text databases Directories Electronic Documents Management Systems (EDMS) Subject gateways, portals Social Media Intranets Working with knowledge and information in KO To organise knowledge is to gather what we know into a comprehensive structure to show its parts and their relationships. Vickery, 2008 We have here, as a starting point, a very simple but useful definition as it stipulates unambiguously the nature of knowledge in the context of KO. We only deal with what is known , i.e. published knowledge claims about the world. The usage of the plural form ‘knowledges’, now used in branches of Social Sciences such as the Sociology of Knowledge, supports the view that, in the context of this module, we are concerned which whatever passes for ‘knowledge’ in a society, regardless of the
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