Zero Hours Prepped 1NC - Zero Hours Prepped 1NC_SHIN Notes...

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Zero Hours Prepped 1NC_SHIN Notes: I am not sure how to form this argument of “Vendors ≠ Water/Electrical Companies.” This would destroy their water scenario.
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Disadvantage Surveillance is a core executive privilege—infringement by the other two branches significantly breaches separation of powers. Turner, Professor, University of Virginia School of Law, 2013 [Robert F., October 21, 2013, The Federalist Society, First Principles: Are Judicial and Legislative Oversight of NSA Constitutional, http://www.fed-soc.org/publications/detail/first-principles-are-judicial-and- legislative-oversight-of-nsa-constitutional , 7.3.2015, JM] Like the War Powers Resolution,25 the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) was a constitutional fraud. In 1967, when in Katz v. United States the Supreme Court reversed its 1928 decision in Olmstead v. United States and held that telephone wiretaps were a “search or seizure” under the Fourth Amendment and thus required a warrant, the Court in footnote 23 was careful to exclude wiretaps involving “national security” from its holding. The following year, when Congress enacted the first wiretap statute requiring a judicial warrant for wiretaps, the statute expressly recognized the president’s constitutional power to authorize warrantless wiretaps for foreign intelligence purposes : Nothing contained in this chapter . . . shall limit the constitutional power of the President to take such measures as he deems necessary to protect the Nation against actual or potential attack or other hostile acts of a foreign power, to obtain foreign intelligence information deemed essential to the security of the United States , or to protect national security information against foreign intelligence activities.26 In 1972, a unanimous Supreme Court held in the Keith27 case that when the government wishes to use a wiretap in a purely domestic national security case that does not involve foreign powers or their agents inside this country , a warrant would be required. However, the Court repeatedly emphasized that its holding did not constrain the president’s warrantless use of wiretaps for national security cases involving foreign powers: We emphasize, before concluding this opinion, the scope of our decision. As stated at the outset, this case involves only the domestic aspects of national security. We have not addressed and express no opinion as to, the issues which may be involved with respect to activities of foreign powers or their agents.28 Noting that domestic national security surveillance might call for a different set of rules than existed for routine criminal warrants, the Court invited Congress to consider new legislation specifically addressing “domestic” national security wiretaps: “Given those potential distinctions between Title III criminal surveillances and those involving the domestic security, Congress may wish to consider protective standards for the latter which differ from those already prescribed for specified crimes in Title III.”29 However, Senator Ted
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