Final Review

Final Review - Chapter 11 Terms Nuclear Family- Consists of...

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Chapter 11 Terms Nuclear Family- Consists of a cohabiting man and woman who maintain a socially approved sexual relationship and have at least one child. Traditional Nuclear Family- a nuclear family in which the husband works outside the home for money and the wife works in the home without pay. Polygamy- expands the nuclear family “horizontally” by adding one or more spouses (usually women) to the household Extended Family- expands the nuclear family “vertically” by adding another generation- one or more of the spouses’ parents- to the household Marriage- a socially approved, presumably long term, sexual and economic union between a man and a woman. It involves reciprocal rights and obligations between spouses and children Divorce Rate- The number of divorces that occur in a year for every 1000 people in the population Marriage Rate- the number of marriages that occur in a year for every 1000 people in the population Total Fertility Rate- the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if she had the same number of children as women in each age cohort in a given year. Chapter 12 Terms Collective Conscience- The common sentiments and values that people share as a result of living together Profane- The secular, every day world Sacred- The religious, transcendent world Totems- objects that symbolize the sacred Rituals- Public practices designed to connect people to the sacred Routinization of Charisma- Weber’s term for the transformation of the unique gift of divine enlightenment into a permanent feature of every day life. It involves turning religious inspiration into a stable social institution with defined roles
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Civil Religion- a set of quasi-religious beliefs and practices that bind a population together and justify its way of life. Secularization thesis- says that religious institutions, actions, and consciousness are on the decline worldwide. Fundamentalists- religious people who interpret their scriptures literally, seek to establish a direct, personal relationship with the high beings they worship, and are relatively intolerant of nonfundamentalists Church- A bureaucratic religious organization that has accommodated itself to mainstream society and culture. Ecclesia- state-supported churches Denominations- the various streams of belief and practice that some churches allow to coexist under their overarching authority. Sects- Religious groups that usually form by breaking away from churches due to disagreement about church doctrine. Sects are less integrated into society and less bureaucratized then churches. They are often led by charismatic leaders, who tend to be relatively intolerant of religious opinions other than their own. Cults- Small groups of people deeply committed to a religious vision that rejects
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Final Review - Chapter 11 Terms Nuclear Family- Consists of...

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