LECTURE 1 Introduction to Anatomy Methods Types of Anatomy...

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LECTURE 1 Introduction to Anatomy
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Methods & Types of Anatomy 1. Microscopic: with magnification a. cytology: internal structure of cells “cyto” = cell “ology” = study of b. histology: study of tissues 2. Developmental: changes in form between conception and maturity -both microscopic and gross anatomy -early months = “embryology”
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Methods & Types of Anatomy 3. Comparative: anatomical organization of different animal types -may reflect evolutionary relationships or divergence e.g. vertebrates - share several characteristics found in Phylum Chordata
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4. Gross : visible to unaided eye -approaches: a) surface b) regional - superficial + internal structures within a defined area of the body c) systemic - structure of major organ systems as a whole -organs function together to produce coordinated effects
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11 organ systems 1. skeletal 2. articular 3. muscular 4. digestive 5. respiratory 6. urinary 7. reproductive 8. circulatory 9. nervous 10. integumentary 11. endocrine
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Regional Anatomy: the abdomen and pelvis -division of abdominopelvic region into 4 quadrants
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-however - can divide further into
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