Institution et relations internationales - chapitre 2 - section 2

Institution et relations internationales - chapitre 2 - section 2

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Section 2. Les g é n é rations d’organisations internationales et leurs  crit è res de classement  Le XX è me est celui de l’universalisation mais aussi de l’institutionnalisation par la cr é ation  d’organisations internationales. La communaut é  internationale va se doter d’organisation inter- é tatiques (volont é  de collaborer) et m ê me supra- é tatiques (abandon de certaines de ses  comp é tences). Cette institutionnalisation va venir au dessus des  é tats, elle date du XX è me mais ce n’est pas un ph é nom è ne compl è tement r é cent et remonte  à  plus longtemps mais ces  organisations se limitaient  à  assurer entre les Etats des relations pacifistes minimales  ex:  conf é d é rations grecques, la Sainte alliance (1815-1818)   Ces organisations apparaissent d é j à  au XIXe   avec   des objets et objectifs consid é rablement  limit é s:  XIXe: apparition et multiplication des organisations internationales  XIX- d é but XX (1815  à  1907): OR tr è s techniques pour g é rer et  é viter les conflits.  2 è me moiti é  XX è me, on a une prolif é ration, on passe d’une centaine dans les ann é es 1950  à   plus de 400 au d é but du XXI
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