Copy of Chapters 18-21 Civil War SG (Student)

Copy of Chapters 18-21 Civil War SG (Student) - Chapter 18...

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Chapter 18: Renewing the Sectional Struggle; 1848-1854 People/Terms: 1. Popular Sovereignty People under the constitution should make their own choice on the status of slavery in a territory 2. Free Soil Party American anti slavery men in the North who were strongly against slavery in territories. They advocated federal aid for internal improvements and and by urging free government homesteads for setlers. - condemned slavery for destroying chances for white workers to gain status through self employment -disliked Polks acquiring part of Oregon but all of Texas *the widely inclusive party foreshadowed the birth of Republican party 3. “Fire-Eaters” extreme pro-slavery politicians from the South who advocating breaking away from the Union and creating a separate nation. Throughout the 1850s, as the crisis over slavery intensified, the Fire-Eaters came to be taken quite seriously. And following the election of Abraham Lincoln, who was known to oppose the spread of slavery into new states and territories, the talk of secession in the South turned into action. The Fire-Eaters essentially got what they wanted when southern states began to secede from the Union in late 1860 and early 1861, eventually forming the Confederate States of America and, of course, fomenting the American Civil War. Perhaps the best known of the Fire-Eaters was Edmund Ruffin. 3. Compromise of 1850 -California admission as a free state (North) -abolition of slave trade in District of Columbia(North) -Mexican Cession territories open to popular sovereignty (south) -a stricter fugitive slave law (South) North better off because California gives them more free states than southern slave states and upsets balance in their favor in the Senate Fugitive slave Law- slaves could not testify for themselves or have a trial and blacks were worth more if they were slaves then freed 4. Clayton Bulwer Treaty Stipulated that neither America nor Britain would fortify or seek exclusive control over the any future isthmian waterway 5. Ostend Manifesto 6. Gadsden Purchase Essential Questions: 1. To what extent did, “the failure of the Whig Party to responsibly address the issues of the day” lead to its demise, and the subsequent failure to solve the problems of the 1850s? Whigs did not have good leaders and both of their presidents were war heroes. The party was split into the anti slavery whigs and southern whigs.This was mostly due to the compromise of 1850 and especially the fugitive slave law. The election of 1852 marked the end of the Whig party The whig demise brought a slow end to national parties and brought about more sectional political alignments.Their greatest contribution was to help uphold the ideal of the nation
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