Copy of Chapters 9-10 Post Rev SG (Student)

Copy of Chapters 9-10 Post Rev SG (Student) - Chapter 9 The...

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Chapter 9: The Confederation and the Constitution; 1776-1790 Terms/People: 1. Land Ordinance of 1785 Sold land in the Old Northwest (north of ohio river valley) to pay for national debt- also alloted some of that land to schools 2. Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Created Republican states from the vast land owned by the colonists- part of the Union -when a territory had more than sixty thousand inhabitants it could become a state -banned slavery in Old Northwest 3. Shay’s Rebellion Impoverished back country farmers ( many of them Revolutionary war veterans) were losing their land due to foreclosures and taxes. Led by Daniel Shay, these debtors used muskets and demanded cheap paper money, light taxes and no foreclosure Massachusetts raised an army and crushed rebellion. 4. Alexander Hamilton Called for convention in Philadelphia to fix the Articles of Confederation-advocated for a super powerful federal gov; 5. Large State Plan vs Small State Plan/Great Compromise Large state: representation in both houses of a bicameral Congress should be based on population Small state: equal representation in a unicameral Congress regardless of population Great Compromise: House of representative- appeased large state- based on population - originate tax bills Senate ( appeased small states) based on equal representation. *the entire constitution was pretty much a compromise (like 3 branches of gov) 6. Electoral College ELECTS THE pRESIDENT. Essential Questions: 1. Describe the effects of the Revolutionary War on society, politics and religion in America. (How does society/politics/religion look different?) - Weakening of aristocratic upper class to new Patriot elites class- new rich class rose up and many that were wealthy got poor -British navigation laws are more disagreeable- no trade with Britain -average citizen worse off financially after war due to effects of inflation 2. How does the institution of slavery look different after the Revolutionary War? Why is it not abolished/ended? Philadelphia Quakers founded the world’s first antislavery society.Several northern states abolished slavery or provided emancipation of blacks. However no state south of Penn abolished slavery and harsh laws were instituted against free blacks and slaves. A fight over slavery would have fractured the fragile national unity that was desperately needed. The ideas of the founding fathers (men created equal) were lost to political convenience. 3. Explain the idea “people don’t chop off heads if they can chop down trees” in relation to the American Revolution. There was an accelerating spread of economic democracy as land won from the Crown was plenty and was often divided into smaller properties. Economic democracy trumped political democracy- cheap accessible land 4. Who were the leaders of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, and what was the result of their compromises?
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