SOC 179 Spring - 2000 OConnell Final Exam

SOC 179 Spring- - Sociology 179 Vietnam War Chuck O’Connell Winter 2000 FINAL EXAM Take Home Section NOTE This Exam is due N0 later than Tuesday

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Unformatted text preview: Sociology 179 Vietnam War Chuck O’Connell Winter 2000 FINAL EXAM Take Home Section NOTE: This Exam is due N0 later than Tuesday, March 21, 2000 by 4pm in Jan Meza’s office (SSPB 4221) INSTRUCTIONS: Answer each of the folltixing questions in suc‘isinct, tightly organized . ' 9—- essays 9‘} \‘o 4}” 2%, 621755} 6‘]! I. There are a number of interprefdtions of the causes of the Vietnam War. Th?! of the more prominent ones ate the quagmne thesis, the bureaucratic thesis, and the imp rialisl thesis. Compare and contrast these different explanations. The Kimball book,s a primary source. 2. In Vietnam, many American troops developed an antiwar movement which created new ( military culture. The values of this culture were expresses in the following words and practices: moat [a CYA,~fragging,~$earch and evade (avoid), Working it outsUUUU. Define each of these Gl expressions and explain how each describes a new value or rule of behavior. What were the UM Xd‘jbcauses of the emergence of this new G] antiwar culture in Vietnam? How did this emergent G] C )6 3?“ culture affect the practice of traditional military discipline? How did this emergent GI culture affect the Army’s capacity as a combat organization? How did the GI antiwar movement in Vietnam affect the antiwar movement in the US and vice-verse? Ar 3. The Vietnam War revealed how structures of class, race, and sex affected human lives. It also #1033,“ caused people to question and challenge those structures. Describe how the war affected people Q in terms of race and how and why some people challenged the structures of class, race and sex. 4. Compare and contrast the different political — military strategies of the USA-RVN and the communists in the Viet Nam War. What were these strategies in theory? What were these strategies in practice? What were the strengths and limitations of each strategy? What were the effects of these strategies upon the people of South Viet Nam? How did domestic and international political factors affect the implementation of these different strategies and their ultimate outcome? > Pertinent to Question #3 Social Class Terms: A to Z Reassessment, beer can house, dumpster diving, imperialism military, industrial complex, moron corps, people’s war, project 39,000 Senior Informal Advisory Group, the Wise Men. Race Terms: (9“6 Beast, Blood, brother, gook, Indian Country, LBFMs, mere gook rule, soul brother, TOG rule, White on rice, Yellow on rice. Gender/Sex Terms: Blow bath. boom-boom girl, double veteran, LBFMs, rape, smiles (game of), steam and cream. VlE‘TNM/l WMZ W \N‘rE—“rz- 200‘” "3120?. OCDNMELL I During the Vietnam War, the United States: invaded two countries and bombed four in order to keep one from becoming communist. dropped about 8 million tons of bombs. spent over $200 billion on the war. sent about 2.5 million Americans to Vietnam. a. b. c. d. all of the above. 1 The average age of American troops in Vietnam was a. 18 19 c. 20 d. 21 e. 22 ’3; Of the Americans in Vietnam, the percentage from working class and/or poor backgrounds was: a. 25% b. 47% c. 60% @ 30% e. 90% ‘t The expression CYA means: a. Catholic Youth Association b. Charlie Yankee Alpha. ((3 Cover Your Ass. (1. Communist Youth of Annam. e. Creighton Y. Abrams. ll Laos was bombed by the U.S. for: a. b. 6:) d. e. 6 months 4 V2 years 8% years 11 months none of the above t2 According to the “A to Z” review of the war by the “Wise Men” for LBJ, an escalation to win the war would entail the following costs for the U.S.: a. b. c. d. mobilization of the Army reserves. increase of the federal budget by billions of dollars. increase of U.S. casualties to 1,300-] ,400 per month. increase of taxes. all of the above. W I”) The communist Tet Offensive in 1968 had the following consequences: a. C. d. it showed that the “cross-over” point in the war of attrition had not been reached. it forced the U.S. to review its War strategy and decide against fitrther escalation. it led to the dismissal of General Westmoreland as U.S. commander in Vietnam. none of the above. all ofthe above. (i.e. “3” thru “c”) [5‘ In Vietnam, U.S. war policy involved the following: a. b. search and destroy operations. forced draft urbanization. air war against four countries. all of the above. . ‘5 President Richard Nixon‘s strategy in Vietnam included: a. b. c. Vietnamization and increased air war. dotente’ «mth‘ "WMEtUHibfiWd all of the above. none of the above. I t Compared to U.S. forces in Vietnam as a whole, the death rate for Project 100,000 soldiers was: a. b. (9 d. 6. half as much. equal. twice as much. three times as much. none of the above. XTTIC former US. Marine who released the Pentagon Papers (Department of Defense Study of the Vietnam War) to the mm was: 3. Ron Kovic b. William Corson @ Daniel Ellsberg . George McGovern e. Clark Clifford.— r The one American convicted of war crimes for the My Lai massacre of March 16, 1968 W35: 3. Paul Harkins nus am. an Swift?“ % John Kerry - ergamiw of \lVHW" Vet’ c. Robert Komer c tinged. Pabth '3. MW @ William Calley, Jr. e. William Colby - l'uad DB C‘xl Pl / a? k “We had to destroy the town to save it.” This quote from a US. officer described the US. takeover of which town after the Tet Ofi'ensive: a. Quang Tri g Hue @ Ben Tre d. Loc Ninh e. Dak To The Communist general who assumed command of the Viet Cong forces in 1963, led the ~ attack on Saigon during the Tet Offensive of 1968, and planned the final assault of revolutionary forces against the South in the mid-19705 was: a. Tran Van Huang b. Tran Do c. Thich Quang Duc @3 Tran Van Tra e. none of the above J 27 The chief communist negotiator at the Paris peace talks who refused to accept the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973 because genuine peace had not yet come to Vietnam was: Le Duan . - Pham Van Dong . e 01 e. none of the above . . The chief NLF negotiator at the Paris peace talks who was a member of the NLF’s central committeeand who was its “roving ambassador” explaining the NLF cause around the world wasi . Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu % Nguyen Thi Binh Nguyen Thi Dinh d. Nguyen Van Hinh e. none of the above 35 The military underground press which began in 1968 for about five years and which at some point involved all four services numbered approximately: a. 75 different papers b. 205 different papers ® 300 different papers d. 390 different papers e. 500 different papers 5Q The name of the aircraft carrier which in 1972 had the first mass mutiny in U.S. naval hi tory was the: g uss Kitty Hawk USS Forrestal USS Ranger %’ USS Constellation e. none of the above 57 The antiwar protest at which more than 1,000 Vietnam veterans threw their medals, ribbons, and discharge papers over barricades on to the steps of the nation’s capitol was organized by the: a. American Legion b. Veterans of Foreign Wars © Vietnam Veterans Against the War d. Vets for Peace e. none of the above " '56 The air force base which was crippled for four days in May 197! by the largest mass rebellion in Air Force history and which needed outside police to restore order was: a. Offut AFB Travis AFB c. Wright-Patterson AFB d. McGuire AFB e. none of the above 37 In 1969 in Chu Lai, Vietnam, U.S. soldiers on patrol wore black arm hands. They did this in order to: a. show their support for Nixon (E show their support for the antiwar movement c. show their hatred of hippies d. make a fashion statement e. none of the above Lib The estimates (low to high) of flagging cases in the U.S. military in Vietnam are: (E) 551 to over 1,000 b. 63 to about 200 15 to 42 c. d. 96 to about 400 e none of the above The number of prostitutes in South Vietnam by 1975 was about: a. 10,000 b. 80,000 c. 150,000 500,000 e. none of the above 46 The university where two thirds of the graduating seniors tumed their backs on featured speaker, Henry Kissinger, during their 1969 commencement was: Harvard b. Michigan c. UC Irvine @ Brown e. Berkeiey I” The first ail-women drafi board raid was organized by: 3. Women Strike for Peace b. Sisters of the Catholic Left © Women Against Daddy Warbucks 0 Women’s International League for Peace & Freedom e. none of the above fl Martin Luther King, Jr. began to attack US. government policy in Vietnam in: a. 1965 b. 1966 © 1967 d. 1968 e. - none of the above 37 One of the responses of college students to the US. invasion of Cambodia (April 30, 1970) and the Kent State massacre (May 4, 1970) was to burn or bomb ROTC offices on c mpus. The number destroyed in such a manner was: 8 b. 15 c. 22 G) 30 e. 43 \/ 5‘7, Nixon‘s decision to widen the war by invading Cambodia was shocking to many in the US. because: a. 150,000 US. troops had just come back from Vietnam b. many Americans felt that Nixon was elected as a “peace” president c. the Paris Peace Accords had just been signed aandb e. bandc ...
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/19/2008 for the course SOC 179 taught by Professor Oconnell during the Spring '06 term at UC Irvine.

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SOC 179 Spring- - Sociology 179 Vietnam War Chuck O’Connell Winter 2000 FINAL EXAM Take Home Section NOTE This Exam is due N0 later than Tuesday

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