Social Ecology SE 194W Fall - 1999 MIDTERM 2

Social Ecology SE 194W Fall - 1999 MIDTERM 2 - Naturalistic...

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Unformatted text preview: Naturalistic Field Research Professor Novaco SE 194W Fall, 1999 Mid-Term II The exam has 25 multiple-choice questions that are worth one point each. PUT YOUR NAME ON EVERY PAGE air; on the SCANTRON. . 1. Loo studied residents of Chinatown in San Francisco. Her investigation involved a number of measures of well-being, one of which was neighborhood satisfaction. Her measures of neighborhood satisfaction were based on a. field-site inspections ‘ b. coding of subjective experience given in interviews quantitative self-report scales all of the above e. none of the above 2. As part of the evaluation of her neighborhood satisfactiOn measures, Loo compared the data that she obtained from San Francisco Chinatown residents with that found for a. Los Angeles Chinatown residents b. New York Chinatown residents @ US national data d. Hong Kong residents e. none of the above I 3. L00 found that confinement to this first settlement enclave was largely a product of constraints on choice. What one can easily observe on the streets of SF Chinatown is: a. absence of shops b. absence of dwelling units c. few visitors elderly people e. lack of ethnic symbols . 4. Regarding Loo’s results pertaining to the perception of safety by residents of SF Chinatown, she found that the best predictor was a. perceptions of neighborhood friendliness b. degree of neighborhood crowding c. household income @ confidence in police protection e. none of the above tit 10. One of the reasons that Maton, Hrabowski, and Greif (1998) selected the methodology used in this study was that they were unsatisfied with the ecological and cultural validity of existing research. (:9 true b. false 11. The principal research method used by Maton, Hrabowski, and Grief (1998) was a. ethnographic analyses b. behavioral observation c. participant observation interview e. survey questionnaire 12. In doing naturalistic research, it is often the case that the relationship of the predictor to criterion is confounded by the presence of other variables that are associated with the predictor but which are also related to the criterion. This issue is especially problematic when an investigator studies people as a function of their presence or membership in . some existing environmental condition. Because of the confounding variables, it then is not so clear that outcomes on the criterion are a result of their status on the predictor. This threat to internal validity is called a. illusory correlation @ differential selection 0. functional equivalence d. multivariate mix e. parsimony 13. The principal way in which investigators handle this problem when they conduct naturalistic research by means of quantitative methods is 3 analysis of covariates in statistical procedures . generating operational substitutes ' c. creating simplified analytical categories (1. conducting sequential t-tests e. eliminating unnecessary criterion variables 14. In conducting qualitative research by participant observation in settings having restricted access, a key threat to internal validity is that what naturally follows from getting privileged access is empathy. This is especially the case, because getting accurate ‘ information is based on trust, which is established reciprocally in human relationships. true tel 454158 Kitsch w AU— FVt/thuv’f. 52,; : Wit/Pr). my”. an 19. Goff'man asserted that mental patients mostly suffer from a. self-doubt b. brain dysfunction @ contingencies d. depression e. maladjustment 20. Goffman’s analysis of the case record is that it a. summarizes important and neglected life history b. is an outdated diagnostic instrument @ is a compendium of information discrediting the patient d. contains information essential to recovery e.. is a source of hypotheses about causes of disorder 21. In the Roscnhan study of mental hospitals, the pseudopatients adepted a social role that corresponded to their subjects, while Goffman adopted a complementary role. true 22. You were shown a documentary film made at Metropolitan State Hospital in the late 19705. In the segment that you saw, the patient at the case conference was diagnosed as a. manic-depressive b. chizophrenic with paranoid tendencies anti-social personality with some gradiosity d. organic brain disorder e. multiple personality disorder 23. The Rosenhan study was criticized with regard to internal validity. One such problem pertained to his account-of the reported symptoms at the time of admission, because _ a. the faked symptoms were too severe b. the faked symptoms were atypical _ @ there was no independent confirmation of the faked symptom d. the pseudopatients had no experience with mental patients 6. the faked symptoms were characterized by gender bias ...
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Social Ecology SE 194W Fall - 1999 MIDTERM 2 - Naturalistic...

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