Lecture 5 - Single-Case Research Designs Relevant issues 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Single-Case Research Designs Relevant issues
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Method is widely used • Ebbinghaus (1885) was participant and experimenter - provided first systematic evidence of forgetting over time • Theories of Freud and Skinner are diametrically opposed yet investigative methods used single-case designs • Other examples - Psychophysics, study of expert performance e.g., chess players & musicians, cognitive therapy, and the study of amnesiac patients
Background image of page 2
3 Two Main Types • Case studies • Single case experimental design (n=1)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 • Intensive description and analysis of single individual. Data obtained through various sources: naturalistic observation, interviews, psychological tests… • May describe the application and results of a particular treatment. However variables are rarely varied systematically with several treatments often being used at once. Case study characteristics
Background image of page 4
5 • Exploratory in nature - sources of hypotheses – contrast experimentation - aims to test hypotheses • Should be seen as interrelated and complementary to other psy research methods • Will vary in detail and length – Kirsch (1978) 4 pages in the jn of Psychotherapy - detailed outcome of ‘self-management training’ to overcome low self-confidence – Oliver Sacks - ‘The Man Who mistook His Wife for a Hat’ Case study characteristics
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 Advantages • Provides new ideas and hypotheses – Opens the way for discoveries based on more rigorous methodologies Psychoanalytical theory based purely on the case study method • Provides opportunity to develop new clinical techniques – Try out new clinical techniques the utility of which may only become apparent in specific cases
Background image of page 6
7 • Provides chance to study rare phenomena – Infrequent occurrences can only be
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course BUSINESS 2007 taught by Professor Svitlanav during the Winter '07 term at Trinity College Dublin.

Page1 / 19

Lecture 5 - Single-Case Research Designs Relevant issues 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online