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# Lecture 8 - 1 Results sections General format General...

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1 Results sections - General format General framework to be adopted plus Confidence Intervals

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2 Results in reports - sequence Step 1 - quote descriptive statistics – Graph or table – need to be discriminatory Salient trends need to be identified including those contrary to hypothesis Should always be there to establish patterns in your data - never add just for the sake of it – Can then be used to clarify the direction of any potential effect Stating there was a significant t result does not tell us whether values increased or decreased – Include measure of variability
3 Results in reports - sequence Step 2 – Inferential statistics – state the purpose of the analysis E.g., a repeated measures t- test was carried out to determine whether there was any difference between the pre and post-therapy anxiety levels helps reader follow the logic of the analysis helps you formulate the analysis in your own head

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4 Step2 - Inferential statistics – Should always report Symbol or name for the statistic used ( r, t, T, U ) – Note statistical symbols should always be italicised Degrees of freedom or n Value of test statistic; t = Probability of achieving a test statistic with this value; p < or > .05 Whether the test was one-tailed or two-tailed – A few of the more complicated analyses that you will encounter next year do not have tails e.g., ANOVA. Results in reports - sequence
5 Step 3 – Do not interpret the results – Important that you do not start interpreting your results in Results section as being supportive or otherwise of your hypothesis.

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