Midterm 2 Review

Midterm 2 Review - 1992 Introduction to Human Geography...

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1992 Introduction to Human Geography Review for Midterm 2 (Wednesday, October 31, 2007. 3:00pm) Students with last names that begin with A,B,C,D,E, or F should go to HUMN 1B80. map is here . The rest of the class will take the exam in our normal lecture hall. Chapter 6 Be aware of the world map of distributions of major religions Distinguish: o Universal Religions from Ethnic Religions - What’s the difference between a proselytizing and a non-proselytizing religion? - How do different religious groups explain the practice of proselytizing? o Monotheism from Polytheism o Syncretic Religions from Orthodox Religions - Is orthodoxy identical with fundamentalism? Christianity o Where is it growing? o Historically, in what sorts of social environments has Christianity spread? Urban? Rural? o Through what sorts of social forms has Christianity diffused? - Militaries - Missionaries - Colonialism o What's the history of the division between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church? - Where is this division visible in space? o What's the history of the division between Catholicism and Protestantism? - Where is this division visible in space? - How do Protestant conventions for organizing and administering social relations across space differ from those of Catholics? - Locally autonomous - Hierarchical Buddhism o Is Buddhism characterized by strict orthodoxy or by syncretism? o Where, geographically, does Buddhism overlap with Confucianism, Taoism, and Shintoism? o Distinguish Mahayana, Theravada, and Tantryana forms of Buddhism Islam
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o Does the term Islam refer to the religion itself or to religious adherents? And the term Muslim? o What are the differences between the Shiite and Sunni sects? - What’s the historical origin of these differences? - Where are these differences visible in space? - In what countries is there a Shiite majority? Plurality? o What is Shariah? o Through what social forms has Islam been diffused? - Trade - Military - Missionaries Cultural Barriers to Religious Diffusion o Religious ideas might not be amenable to preexisting systems of ideas about the social world - For example, traditionally, people in China have taken the view that human beings are inherently good. This viewpoint conflicts with the Christian view that individuals are inherently evil. Also, within the symbolic universe familiar to many Chinese people, the dragon has positive connotations. Thus, for a Chinese person the image of the serpent likely will not resonate with negative feelings in the way that it might for an American who has grown up in a Christian tradition. Religion and the ordering of Space o How are religious beliefs reflected in the organization of space? -
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Midterm 2 Review - 1992 Introduction to Human Geography...

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