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Unformatted text preview: STUDY GUIDE Uses textbook: Western Civilization: The Continuing Experiment, 2006 Dolphin Edition KORAN, Selections from Sura 2 ( Al-Baqara or “The Cow”) As you read this selection, answer the questions on a separate sheet of paper to prepare for the class discussion and quiz. Correlate this assignment with pages 225-229 of your textbook. Look there for answers if you have trouble answering some of the questions. Before answering the questions, look through these pages in your textbook for the definitions of these terms: haram, Kaaba, hijra, umma, Five Pillars of Islam, imam, sura, sunna, hadith. Mohammed revealed the second Sura, the longest chapter in Koran, while in Medina following The Hijra (622). It is named “The Cow” because, beginning at verse 63, the text references a passage from the Hebrew Bible (Numbers 19.1-9) that discusses the Red Heifer. In the Hebrew context, the Red Heifer, a cow not yet three years old, should be sacrificed and burned; the gathered ashes should be mixed with water and kept in God’s Temple. Jews should wash with that water to purify themselves from corpse pollution. The defilement that resulted from touching a dead body had to be removed before entering the Temple or taking part in religious services. Mohammed makes an oblique reference in this long instruction on social relations. Pay attention to attitudes toward Jews and Christians, relations among social classes, familial relations, and gender issues as well as the role of the Five Pillars in regulating these aspects of Muslim life. Refer to p. 229 of your textbook for the list of the Five Pillars. Find examples in your assigned reading that require a believer to follow each Pillar. How do the Five Pillars contribute to creating a cohesive, unified umma ? How do the Pillars work to eliminate, or ameliorate, class divisions? What of historical significance happened in the month of Ramadan? Why does the Hajj, the Great Pilgrimage, center on Mecca? What building do Muslims visit as the focal point of the Hajj? What happens to those Muslims who do not follow the Five Pillars? How does Koran make provision for exceptions to these rules? According to these selections, what should be the relations among Jews, Christians, and Muslims? How does Koran define the differences between Muslims on the one hand and Jews and Christians on the other? How are Muslims taught to think about Abraham, Moses, and Jesus? What is the meaning of jihad ? Under what conditions does this selection countenance fighting...
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This note was uploaded on 05/06/2008 for the course HIST 134 taught by Professor Arnold during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Fredonia.
- Spring '08