Midterm Exam Review - GCH 350 Health Education and...

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GCH 350: Health Education and Promotion Midterm Exam Review Sheet Exam Format: Multiple choice, matching short answer, true/false with explanation, and essay. (125 points) Chapter 1: A Background for the Profession Health: “the state of complete mental, physical and social well being not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO, 1947). ; “is a dynamic state or condition of the human organism that is multidimensional in nature, a resource for living, and results from a person’s interaction with and adaptations to his or her environment ” (McKenzie et al., 2012). Community Health: the health status of a defined group of people and the interactions and conditions to protect and improve the health of the community Health Promotion: any planned combination of educational, political, environmental, regulatory, or organizational mechanisms that support actions and conditions of living conducive to the health of individuals, groups, and communities Health Education: any combination of planned learning experiences based on sound theories that provide individuals, groups, and communities the opportunity to acquire information and the skills needed to make quality health decisions Disease Prevention: the process of reducing risks and alleviating disease to promote, preserve, and restore health and minimize suffering and distress Wellness: an approach to health that focuses on balancing the many aspects, or dimensions, of a person’s life through increasing the adoption of health-enhancing conditions and behaviors rather than attempting to minimize conditions of illness Discipline: a field of study Profession:  a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive academic preparation (Merriam-Webster, 2010b) or “the sociological construct  for an occupation that has special status  Understand why our textbook author describes the health education/promotion profession as an emerging profession. It is neither a discipline (a field of study) nor a profession (a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive academic preparation), but somewhere in between What year did the US Department of Commerce and Labor formally recognize “Health Educator” as a distinct occupation? 1998 Understand the levels of Prevention: Primary Prevention: preventive measures that forestall the onset of illness or injury during the prepathogenesis period (EX: wearing a seatbelt, wearing gloves during first aid) Secondary Prevention: preventive measures that lead to early diagnosis and
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prompt treatment of a disease, illness, or an injury to limit disability, impairment, or dependency and prevent more pathogenesis ( EX: getting a flu shot, getting cancer screenings ) Tertiary Prevention: preventive measures aimed at rehabilitation following significant pathogenesis ( EX: chemotherapy, radiation ) The Chain of Infection Model: explains the spread of communicable disease from one host to another. Individuals can break the chain at any point stopping the
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