New Imperialism Lecture Outline

New Imperialism Lecture Outline - History 125 Section 002...

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History 125, Section 002 October 21 Lecture Outline New Imperialism 1) Expansion of Empire- by 1900, large sections of the world are under Empire 25% of the World become colonies by 1865 a. Into new areas i. Africa Europeans have been here since the 15/16 th centuries Only a presences of foreign countries on the coast By 1914, Africa was almost completely taken over by other countries (about 90%) b. Into crumbling exterior of old empires i. Ottomans ii. China start loosing territories in the 1820’s Started collapsing from the coast inwards iii. Spain Looses the Philippians in result to the Spanish-American War 2) Why does this happen now? WHY EXPAND: Everyone was already expanding, but when America started go out to the Philippians and Hawaii, people started thinking, ‘When did America become a Empire?’ a. Technology makes it possible Steam power, railroads also help i. Maxim Gun (1889) The first functioning machine gun in the world 11 bullets a second The British love this gun ii. Quinine A medicine that helps protect from malaria Tonic water made from particular trees help cure malaria Doesn’t cure, just stalls the decease b. Motives i. Economic Demand for new types of raw materials (ie- tin and copper) “Capitalism by the 1880’s doesn’t work unless there is a foreign market.” Need someone to buy and sell for cheap ii. Political Domestic Political Motives- starting a war over sea iii. Cultural Colonizing is good Survival of the fittest between races and nations 1. Social Darwinism o
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History 125, Section 002 iv. Geopolitical Everyone is expanding Need for expansion 3) The Scramble for Africa
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