Ch. 4 Notes - Appor tionment : dividing things on a...

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Unformatted text preview: Appor tionment : dividing things on a proportional basis The items being divided are indivisible (cannot be split in half or broken). Hard candy Cars People Toys Classrooms Canned Goods United States Congress Senate: each state has 2 senators H ouse of Repr esentatives: the number of representatives is based on the population of the state First U.S. Census was in 1790 This census was the basis for the first apportionment of the House of Representatives Two methods of apportionment, which were designed by two well known historical figures, were considered by Congress. Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson Hamiltons method was straightforward and was adopted as the method of choice by Congress George Washington was leery about Hamiltons method so he vetoed the bill. This was the FI RST veto in American history! I t ended up that Jeffersons method was passed and was the first method used to apportion the U.S. House of Representatives Jeffersons method was used until 1842. Throughout American history, four different methods have been used to apportion the U.S. House of Representatives. The current method used today is the Huntington-Hill method which was adopted in 1941. Since this time, the size of the House of Representatives has been fixed at 435. Example Kappa Delta Pi is having a canned food drive to help support 3 local agencies....
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Ch. 4 Notes - Appor tionment : dividing things on a...

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