Psychology- Vocabulary Words/ Study guide for Final

Psychology- Vocabulary Words/ Study guide for Final - 1...

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1. Psychology  is the science of mental processes and behavior. 2. Mental Processes  what your brain does when a person stores,  recalls, or uses information or has specific feelings. 3. Behavior  the outwardly acts of an individual, alone or in a group. 4. Field of Psych.   is dedicated to helping us understand each other by  using the tools of science. 5. Goals of Psychology are not only to describe and explain mental  processes and behavior but also to predict and control them. 6. Three Levels of Analysis of Psychology: a. Level of the Brain: events that involve the structure and  properties of the organ itself—the brain cells and their  connections, the chemical soup in which they exist, and the  genes. b. Level of the Person: events that involve the nature of beliefs,  desires feelings—the content of the mind, not just internal  mechanisms. c. Level of the Group: events that involve relationships between  people, relationships aong groups, and culture. This is one  aspect of the environment, other aspect is physical  environment. 1. Example: time, temperature, other phys. Stimuli 7. Roots of Psychology:  a. Philosophy- logic and speculation  nature of reality,  experience, and values b. Physiology- biological workings of body, including brain 8. Rene Descartes- distinction between mind and body, and the  relationship between the two. 9. John Locke- English philosopher- all human knowledge arises from  experience of world from reflection about it. 10. Introspection  “looking within”  11.Gestalt Psych- overall patterns of thoughts or experiences based on  Max Wertheimer 12.Cognitive Psych- approach to psych that attempts to characterize how 
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information is stored and operated on internally.
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