HIS 230 A
Holocaust Final Exam
- high-ranking Nazi and
Obersturmbannführer (equivalent to Lieutenant
Colonel). Due to his organizational talents and ideological reliability, he was charged by
with the task of facilitating and managing the logistics
of mass deportation to ghettos and extermination camps in Nazi-occupied Eastern Europe.
After the war, he traveled to Argentina using a fraudulently obtained laissez-passer issued by
the International Red Cross
and lived there under a false identity. He was captured in
Argentina and tried in Israeli court on fifteen criminal charges. He was convicted and hanged.
-was the 1938 annexation of Austria into Greater Germany by the Nazi regime.
- expropriation of Jews, Roma, Slavs, Poles, Communists, mentally and physically
handicapped in Nazi Germany, Austria and the territories it controlled. It was based on the
ideology of an
master race and generally was to the benefit of Nazi supporters and party
Also, the transfer of Jewish business, economics, and wealth into Aryan goods.
began in 1938.
- ravine in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. In the course of two days, September 29—30,
1941, German Nazis murdered 33,771 Jewish civilians.
The Babi Yar massacre is considered
to be "the largest single massacre in the history of the Holocaust".
In the months that followed,
thousands more were seized and taken to Babi Yar and shot. It is estimated that more than
100,000 people were executed by the Nazis there during the World War II.
- Nazi camp built during the Wannsee Conference with no other purpose than to kill.
Approximately 300,000-400,000 executed there.
- Auschwitz II, built in October 1941 and operational on June 12, 1942.
functioned as an extermination camp and labor camp.
Contained four gas chambers modeled
- warehouse where the belongings of those who had been gassed in Auschwitz for
shipment back to Germany.
- Polish-Jewish industrialist and Zionist activist, functioned as the Nazi-
nominated head of the Judenrat, or Jewish authorities in the Łódź Ghetto. On
the Nazi occupation authorities appointed him Judenrat Chairman in Łódź. In this position he
reported directly to the Nazi ghetto administration headed by Hans Biebow and had direct
responsibility for providing heat, work, food, housing, and health and welfare services to the
He would choose who should be sent for deportation from this ghetto.
- Nazi camp located in Lodz.
The first experiments with poison were done at this
It was small, primitive, and the least efficient camp, with only 75,000-100,000 deaths.