Holocaust final review

Holocaust final review - Kate Levy HIS 230 A Holocaust...

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Kate Levy HIS 230 A Holocaust Final Exam 1. Adolf Eichmann - high-ranking Nazi and SS Obersturmbannführer (equivalent to Lieutenant Colonel). Due to his organizational talents and ideological reliability, he was charged by Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich with the task of facilitating and managing the logistics of mass deportation to ghettos and extermination camps in Nazi-occupied Eastern Europe. After the war, he traveled to Argentina using a fraudulently obtained laissez-passer issued by the International Red Cross [1] [2] and lived there under a false identity. He was captured in Argentina and tried in Israeli court on fifteen criminal charges. He was convicted and hanged. 2. Anschluss -was the 1938 annexation of Austria into Greater Germany by the Nazi regime. 3. Aryanization - expropriation of Jews, Roma, Slavs, Poles, Communists, mentally and physically handicapped in Nazi Germany, Austria and the territories it controlled. It was based on the ideology of an Aryan master race and generally was to the benefit of Nazi supporters and party members. Also, the transfer of Jewish business, economics, and wealth into Aryan goods. This began in 1938. 4. Babi Yar - ravine in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. In the course of two days, September 29—30, 1941, German Nazis murdered 33,771 Jewish civilians. The Babi Yar massacre is considered to be "the largest single massacre in the history of the Holocaust". In the months that followed, thousands more were seized and taken to Babi Yar and shot. It is estimated that more than 100,000 people were executed by the Nazis there during the World War II. 5. Belzcek - Nazi camp built during the Wannsee Conference with no other purpose than to kill. Approximately 300,000-400,000 executed there. 6. Birkenau - Auschwitz II, built in October 1941 and operational on June 12, 1942. This functioned as an extermination camp and labor camp. Contained four gas chambers modeled after showers. 7. Kanada - warehouse where the belongings of those who had been gassed in Auschwitz for shipment back to Germany. 8. Chaim Rumkowski - Polish-Jewish industrialist and Zionist activist, functioned as the Nazi- nominated head of the Judenrat, or Jewish authorities in the Łódź Ghetto. On October 13 , 1939, the Nazi occupation authorities appointed him Judenrat Chairman in Łódź. In this position he reported directly to the Nazi ghetto administration headed by Hans Biebow and had direct responsibility for providing heat, work, food, housing, and health and welfare services to the ghetto population. He would choose who should be sent for deportation from this ghetto. 9. Chelmno - Nazi camp located in Lodz. The first experiments with poison were done at this camp. It was small, primitive, and the least efficient camp, with only 75,000-100,000 deaths.
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10. Crystal Night - pogrom against Jews throughout Germany and parts of Austria on November 9 November 10 , 1938. Jewish homes along with 8,000 Jewish shops were ransacked in numerous German cities, towns and villages, as civilians and both the SA and the SS destroyed
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This note was uploaded on 05/06/2008 for the course HIS 230 taught by Professor Jones during the Fall '08 term at Canisius College.

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Holocaust final review - Kate Levy HIS 230 A Holocaust...

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