Linguis 3 S06 Exam 1

Linguis 3 S06 Exam 1 - Name . A v‘ ‘ ' StudentID#. 7...

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Unformatted text preview: Name . A v‘ ‘ ' StudentID#. 7 5%90 Linguistics 3, Introduction to Linguistics .. Exam 1 READ THE INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY give the ]IPA symbol that corresponds to the following articulatory descriptions. pomts a. voiced labiodental fricative [V j b. -high -low —back -round -tense vowel E j c. voiceless velar glide [M3 (1. -high +low —back —round‘-tense vowel E a \/ e. voiceless interdental fricative Y Q 3 f. +high -low +back +round ~tense vowel :1 Give a full articulatory description (= set of features) for each segment below. [6 points] a-[i] vowed Palm-EM 3lédlt s/ b. [r] Voiced rgi‘vo4‘lc‘s fraternal c-[I] 4-hi9k-iow thankwouhd“tense \/ alum/M d- [5] vowed alveepulatal «immich *hish-low *bacxfipwgufidw+tfi$£ \/ r. [a] 'highw—low +batl-z arraundr-‘h‘hsa \/ Using features like ajfricate, labiodental, etc., provide a single phonetic characteristic that all the segments in each group share. Avoid over-obvious answers like 'consonant' or 'vowel'. [12 points} a- [bdgk] amps b. [kgg] VCUH‘ c. [fszsah] .Fric‘othve: d. [ijejae] -batck e_ [szfsg‘dfi] 5+Y“deflf;/ f. [ijajowu] “V'l’CfiSC. 4. (Ah/ado ridge U H - ‘70" StudentID#: “- Identify the six parts of the vocal tract indicated below. [12 points] Name: 1“ Student lD#: ‘ 5 . Consider the distribution of [r] and [l] in Korean in the following words. [i] represents a +high +back -round vowel. [10 points] rupi ‘ruby' mul ‘water' kiri 'road' pal 'big' saram 'person' saul 'Seoul' irimi ‘name‘ ilkop 'seven' ratio 'radio' ipalsa 'barber‘ a. Are [r] and [l] in Korean separate phonemes or allophones of the same phoneme? Paul's) +h€rt 4.va C v.1 r l and Cl] are altophsnu 9-? ark: 5% p in o the raw. fi ,_ q i.)- _- 9: b. If [r] and [l] are separate phonemes, provide evidence from the data above . a 1B: for this conclusion. ‘ .. t ,r {TL “‘4” \/ a __ S c. If [r] and [l] are allophones of the same phoneme, make a statement of their complementary distrlbutlon. C 1'] 9‘ PFC “- be‘hfle.“ “ V aw“ @G“d ward ‘ ‘ of tfn ‘ Vowc‘ find of / VIS ConStnan+ and Cr} appear: elsewhere, V__.C d. If you conclude that [r] and [1] are allophones of the same phoneme, write a phonological rule that accounts for their distribution. 6. 7. ll n‘lilrlln Student ]D#: Below are transcriptions of English words as they are pronounced in most dialects of Canadian English. Pay particular attention to where the diphthongs [A] ] and [AW ] appear. [10 points} [Aj ] = -high -low +back -round +tense diphthong [aw ] = -high -low +back +round +tense diphthong A N aw [ajz] eyes [lawd] loud l + l __ 0| [ajs] ice [lawt] lout "" [tajm] time [kaw] cow k JC 5:, .— 3' [mjp] type [SkAWt] scout “‘ h .2 [trajb] tribe [hawz] (to) house (verb) in _ s "' [trAjp] tripe [haws] house (noun) [flaj] fly c: \sewhefc [flajt] flight 3-} In these dialects of Canadian English, [Aj ] is an allophone of / aj I, and [AW ] i an allophone of/ aw /. A .. '2 4’ a. Make a single statement of complementary distribution for the diphthongs —— m / aj, aw / and [Aj, aw ] . Be as general as possible in referring to classes of r' .— b sounds. ,r- _ _ , , A LA; Aw.) appear lather-r1 {zuwfshnahlé l .... it 1 “VJ—“"5 f 2 .. x} and 3N!) appear firewmm’ c new???“ . . . . . b. Usmg features, wrlte a smgle phonologlcal rule that account r the derived allophones. - I-u‘a: .. 3-H 1'31. 4’ C : +back a. +back ; / .—/‘ L-recmd +4465: +tcn'sc. +s+rcss c. Phonologists refer to this phenomenon as "Canadian Raising". Why do you . , .. ,. .7 _ thmktheterm raismgisused. Bee-gust ,Hu Vow” :J wrused’ "in _./l Using the model for syllabification introduced in your text and in class, syllabify the following English words. (Treat diphthongs as one element.) [10 points] (It-I" fig. d’ a“ e” t / s f i l f s / l :2 a. r; .. at. r\ ' ix ,_ x O I 3 C O l L é " f [\N 0‘5: l '7“? oi {wig tow”. a. skla.row.‘ses b k n.3tr’akts ‘sclerosis' 'constructs' w—H—_—"'—r -, 7, _‘i...-—I| Name: PE”, V‘“;S'u.. StudentID#: 8. In class, an argument was presented in favor of one structure for the word unhappiness. Using the same type of argument, draw tree structures for the words in (a) and (b). [12 points] re- V —-> V ' an» A —> A -ment V --> N - N «> A v x’\ s A r/\ .r r, AF V A .F A if: r”; h . / I \/ I , § \/ a. reestabhs men: b. unheaith 9. Draw a tree structure for each compound. [16 points] . M N A f\ N a P at ’2 . a. lill-133%; O b. empl[o OfE-lcc @ 1‘? N. i c. committee member \/ 10. Consider the following data from Agta. a language spoken in the Philippines. [6 points] dakal 'big' dumakal 'grow big. grow up' darag 'red' dumarag 'reddcn' furaw 'white' fumuraw 'become white' a. What is the Agta affix meaning 'to become X'? —um \/ b. What type of affix is it? Tn‘FiX \/ c. Describe its placement in the root word. 1+ is placed in Hit middic oi ihe word CaP-icr —H\g .Firgf- \e'H-cr e;th word) 5 ...
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Linguis 3 S06 Exam 1 - Name . A v‘ ‘ ' StudentID#. 7...

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