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Chapter 29-30 Study Guide

Chapter 29-30 Study Guide - Chapter 29 Chapter 29 Plant...

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Chapter 29 Chapter 29: Plant Diversity I: How plants colonized the land 1. Define the following: rosette cellulose-synthesizing complexes sporopollenin cuticle apical meristems alternation of generations gametophyte sporophyte spore sporangia sporocytes gametangia archegonia antheridia placental transfer cells
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embryophytes vascular tissue vascular plants bryophytes lycophytes pterophytes seedless vascular plants seed gymnosperms angiosperms liverworts hornworts mosses protonema gametophore rhizoids
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foot seta capsule calyptra peristome stomata peat xylem phloem roots leaves microphyll megaphyll sporophylls sori homosporous -
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heterosporous 1.     Not Answered Which of the following is not a difference between algae and plants? (Concept 29.1 ) The Correct Answer: Plant cells have rigid cellulose walls, and algal cells do not. 2.     Not Answered Which of the following is not a homology shared by land plants and their closest living algal relatives? (Concept 29.1 ) The Correct Answer: the presence of cuticle on the surface of leaves 3.     Not Answered Alternation of generations _____. (Concept 29.2 ) The Correct Answer: is distinguished by haploid and diploid stages that are both multicellular 4.     Not Answered Plants undergo alternation of generations in which _____. (Concept 29.2 ) The Correct Answer: the sporophyte generation alternates with the gametophyte generation 5.     Not Answered Gametangia are_____. (Concept 29.2 ) The Correct Answer: single-celled in algae, multicellular in most plants 6.     Not Answered _____ protect(s) pollen grains from environmental damage. (Concept 29.2 ) The Correct Answer: Sporopollenin 7.     Not Answered Which is a key difference between alternation of generations in plants and sexual reproduction in non-plant organisms? (Concept 29.2 ) The Correct Answer: In plants, the haploid and diploid stages are both multicellular. 8.     Not Answered The development of the _____ prevents plants from drying out and protects them from microbes. (Concept 29.2 ) The Correct Answer: cuticle 9.     Not Answered Which example below is not a clade of vascular plants? (Concept 29.2 ) The Correct Answer: bryophytes 10.     Not Answered Which term is most nearly synonymous with land plants? (Concept 29.2 ) The Correct Answer: embryophytes 11.     Not Answered The gametophyte stage of the plant life cycle is most conspicuous in _____. (Concept 29.3 ) The Correct Answer: mosses 12.     Not Answered When you see a green, "leafy" moss, you are looking at the _____. (Concept 29.3 ) The Correct Answer: gametophyte generation 13.     Not Answered Rhizoids _____. (Concept 29.3 ) The Correct Answer: anchor the gametophytes of bryophytes
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14.     Not Answered Which of the following produce eggs and sperm? (Concept 29.3 ) The Correct Answer: moss gametophytes 15.     Not Answered Fertilization in moss occurs when sperm swim from a(n) _____ and down the neck of a(n) _____. (Concept 29.3 ) The Correct Answer: antheridium ... archegonium 16.
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