Linguis10 S00 Midterm Exam

Linguis10 S00 Midterm Exam - fl /5\ Q9 4’1 n' I“ V I...

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Unformatted text preview: fl /5\ Q9 4’1 n' I“ V I v I“ i Name, . v 1:! [D#- J v Section Introduction to Phonology; Ling 10; Winter 2000 Mid-term E‘xam; February 15, 2000 For this exam - First, write your name and ID number in all of the spaces provided. - Then, read and study the questions and the data carefully. - Be sure to write your answers leginy and in clear English. - You should have ample time to draft your answers; do this preparatory work on the blank sheets provided befbre committing final answers to their reserved spaces on the exam form, - Do nor mm your worksheets in; we will consider (and grade) only those answers written on the exam form itself Name: lD#. ' q a. This partially completed vowel chart combines the Cardinal and Secondary Vowel Charts Here, front vowels are listed in Columns (1) and (2), back vowels in Columns (3) and (4), a. In the blanks provided, fill in the missing vowel symbols. [9 points] (I) (2) (3) (4) b. What is true of all the vowels shown in Column (2)? That is, what feature(s) do they share‘? LOU . l [3 points] 4. For each ofthe sets below. (i) find the segment that is the ‘odd one out”; and (ii) state in what way(s) you think this segment differs from the others in that set. For this question, refer to the active articulator only when you consider place of articulation. [20 points total] c. [v, p, m. f. b] d. [2, “l, x, s, y] 0 [x1 Y: g. k p] ’- ._,4_-. II‘ Nami I , L 1D#L . o -. , 7. The following data are from Malay The focus of this problem is on the sounds [I] and [t'] (plain [t] versus palatalized [t']). [15 points total] 1 I [katil] ‘a pinch” [piter] ‘disk" * 'it’ [batja] ‘steel’ [tiarek] 'rip’ [tetjil] 'small‘ 3 ‘shrivelled‘ [ket—‘ek] ‘pampering‘ [t-lan] ‘pillar’ a. Determine which of the two following statements is true, and circle (i) or (ii): / @ [t] and [ti] represent distinct phonemes in Malay. ii. [t] and [ti] are allophones of the same phoneme in Malay. b. Ifyou circled (i), justify your answer here. If you circled (ii), go to question (7c). 1: 3 M W! ngg m. 54mg Simi'fwm. "l "ill/w YflJmérsrirc ‘ - i " (3;) th Chg ‘ .. "hutch vow-C» ll r I ‘ ‘ WgflxL‘Afis—Q \ c If you circled (ii) above, circle (iii) or iv) here. and justify your answer below. iii. [t] and [t-l] are allophones of the phoneme ft/ in Malay. iv. [t} and [t1] are allophones of the phoneme ftj/ in Malay. Circle the number of the description that best fits the phonetic symbol. [5 points total] a [e] voiced dental fricative voiceless bilabial fricative _ . voiceless palatal stop GD voiceless dental fricative b. [x] l, voiceless velar fricative voiceless uvular fricative 3. iced uvular fricative 4. voiced velar approximant qufo- c. [‘l‘] l, voiced alveolar lateral fricative 2. voiceless alveolar lateral fricative 3. voiced alveolar lateral approximant Kroiceless alveolar lateral approximant 1. labio-dental nasal stop 2. bilabial oral stop @ bilabial nasal stop 4 labio—velar nasal stop d. [m] 1. voiceless velar fricative @ voiced velar stop 3. voiced velar afiricate 4, voiceless velar stop e [s] Using examples from English. in (a) give one example of a fricative; in (b) give one example of a nasal. For each example, provide in (i) its IPA symbol and in (ii) the conventional spelling of a word that contains the sound, [4 points] a, fricative example (i) V (ii) (i) a (ii) n 9.36 b. nasal example c. Briefly but clearly, describe two ways in which the class of obstruent consonants and the class of sonorant consonants differ from each other. [4 points] Circle the phonetic symbol which best matches the description, [5 points total] a. alveolar trill b. voiced Iabio—dental fricative c voiceless palate-alveolar fricative d, velar nasal stop 1f] e labio—velar approximant Consider the following consonant and vowel inventories of Telugu, a language of the Dravidian family spoken in India: C(')NS()NANTS p ph t th l [h ‘1 k kh b b“ d dh at If d5 a sh S S m n q l r l w J VOWHS i u e O a Describe the natural class of each of the sets in (a) through (e) below by listing the smallest number ofdistinctivefeatures that each set can be defined by. [20 points total] a {pifibhjti‘difitifiqfiikwigh} M [til Slap: be in e da at t [’1 0L 0L“. 1M3} 4M Lit-{MM co in, bh, m} l?! a Mi 8. The following data are from Georgian, a language of the Kartvelian family spoken in (the former Soviet republic 00 Georgia The focus of the problem is on the sounds [l] and [+1 ( ‘clear’ [1] vs, ‘dark. velarized’ [+]). [15 points total] [+amazad} ‘prettily’ [zarali] ‘loss’ [pepe+a] ‘butterfly‘ [ka+a] ‘tin‘ [saxHi] “at home’ [+xena] ‘joy’ [erthxe‘l'] ‘once’ [kleba] ‘reduce’ [BheTthli] ‘fire’ [Bholi] “wifej El. i. {E and [i] are distinct phonemes in Georgian. [xeli] ‘hand’ [xo+o] ‘ however’ [kbi’l’s] Ltooth‘ [vxlelj'h] ‘I split’ [le+o] “goal” Determine which of the following two statements is true, and circle (i) or (ii): / [l] and [1'] are allophones of the same phoneme in Georgian. b, If you circled (i), justify your answer here. If you circled (ii), go to question (8c). C. iii. [1 p” and [+] are allophones of the phoneme 11/ in Georgian, and [+] are allophones of the phoneme /+/ in Georgian. If you circled (ii) above, circle (iii) or (iv) here, and then justify your answer below. ...
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/19/2008 for the course LINGUIS 10 taught by Professor Oho during the Spring '00 term at UC Irvine.

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Linguis10 S00 Midterm Exam - fl /5\ Q9 4’1 n' I“ V I...

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