animal farm - Mr. Jones a parallel for Czar Nicholas II,...

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Mr. Jones – a parallel for Czar Nicholas II, the last Russian rulerOld Major – the old pig, an allegory for Marx/LeninSnowball – Napoleon’s partner at first, an allegory for Leon Trotsky, had a good way ofrealizing socialismNapoleon – the dictator pig, an allegory for Stalin, valued power for his own sakeSquealer – the propagandist; represents power of language in political manipulationMollie – the vane white mare, she’s apolitical, only cares about herselfBenjamin – the donkey, cynical, realizes what is really happening on the farm, but doesn’ttake actionAnimal-Farm-RulesMoses – the raven, acts like a prophet/priestBoxer – the working class hero, sacrifices his life for the benefit of communityAnimal Farm is a political allegory on Russian Revolution, but it can also be applied on everyrevolution. This work attacks generally the quest for power. It observes the psychological foundationof revolution, it’s processes and the irony of displacement of an oppressive regime by the newrevolutionary order. If we observe the farm as Russia, then Mr. Jones represents Czar Nicholas II, thelast Russian ruler. Old Major (Marx/Lenin) gave his noble idea of equality of all animals and actuatedthe animals to unite and rebel against common enemy, and so they did. His philosophy is calledAnimalism, it represents the ideas of socialism/communism, but this ideology got perverted andmisused by Napoleon (Stalin) – an individual greedy for power, without regard for fellow animals. Heexiled his partner Snowball (Leon Trotsky) who had a good way of realizing socialism (he builds,educates…). Napoleon gained the absolute power step by step. He got control over food andsuffocated every idea or debate. The working class animals got gradually brainwashed withSquealer’s propaganda, which could turn black into white. The history is being rewritten, so the nextgenerations would believe a lie, due to Squealer’s persuasion, the animals’ memories become lessand less reliable. Napoleon also uses sheep, who are there to outvote every different opinion, Mosesand Minimus (the official poet) to additionally brainwash the animals. Finally, tyranny becomesextreme when Napoleon starts to evoke fear with the dogs (KGB), whom kill everybody who try todisagree. Via their intelligence, pigs gain power and exploit the less intelligent animals. But Orwelldoesn’t only criticize the authority, but also the types of citizens who allow such tyrants to do so.Animal Farm is George Orwell's satire on equality, where all barnyard animals live free from theirhuman masters' tyranny. Inspired to rebel by Major, an old boar, animals on Mr. Jones' Manor Farmembrace Animalism and stage a revolution to achieve an idealistic state of justice and progress. Apower-hungry pig, Napoleon, becomes a totalitarian dictator who leads the Animal Farm into "AllAnimals Are Equal / But Some Are More Equal Than Others" oppression

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