Hist-Classics50A F98 Greek God Essays for Final Exams

Hist-Classics50A F98 Greek God Essays for Final Exams -...

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Unformatted text preview: Classics 50A Fall 1995 Second Essay November 6, 1995 w v Pick 9_n_§ of the following topics. Essays should be four to six pages, typed, on one side, with one inch margins left and right. DOUBLE SPACED. No fancy covers, please! Just a one-sheet cover page, with your name and the number of the question on it. STAPLED. Be clear and precise in your presentation. Write in complete sentences, and THINK and PLAN before you write. When you cite, cite by Book and line, not by page. _ DO NOT pad your essay with long quotes or paraphrases of the text, when brief mentions and simple citations will do. Essays are due on Monday, November 20th. ’ \ I. lit has long been noted that the role of the gods (or fate) is treated differently in the Iliad and the Odyssey, and that in the Odyssey there is greater emphasis on men's control over their actions, and thus their responsibility for their actions. This is stated clearly in 1.6-9 by the poet, and by Zeus in 1312-34. One critic has written that in the Odyssey the “gods are concerned to ensure that we will eventually suffer beyond our due if we misbehave.” (R. J anko). Analyze the poet’s treatment of human responsibility vs. the will of the gods, or the mix of the two, in Books 5—14 of the Odyssey. 2. One of the concerns of the course is to understand and appreciate hog the oral poet creates a character. HM does he tell us what kind of personality Odysseus has; In what way does he convey to the listener/reader Odysseus’ nature? This is not just an “is” question «- i.e., “Odysseus is crafty” (or “curious” or “a good leader” or “god—fearing”) -— but a “how” question. So, keep firmly in mind that the question involves the techniques employed by the artist in painting a human portrait. HINT: Begin with the obvious (e.g., epithets) and go on to the less obvious (e.g., Odysseus’ actions in response to a situation, etc.). Think in terms of the poet a building—up and reinforcing his image over the course of the narrative. 3. A recurring theme of the Odyssean adventure-books is “nature vs. culture,” that is to say, the contrasting worlds of human civilization (as Homer and his hearers knew it) and of non- civilization. Keep in mind that nature—culture in the Odyssey exists on a continuum, and that the two concepts can merge, and that there can be an extreme at either end of the spectrum or continuum. It may be a good idea first to rank in your mind the examples according to their position on the continuum. Analyze the nature—culture concept in Books 5—14. What purpose, if any, does it serve in respect to the main theme of homecoming? nother of the repeating threads the adventures of Odysseus and his men is temptation. 2r, ‘ i \ Discuss the forms of temptation (who or what tempts whom to do what) and the I “temptee’s” responses. Is there a pattern to this theme in the narrative? Is there a “message”? 5. Here is a free»floating type of question. Discuss any one of the “adventures” of Odysseus —for example, the Cyclops episode, or the Descent into Hades, etc. — from any point of view that strikes your fancy. Make sure that you state your purpose or intention at the beginning of your essay. ....... As I said, I expect that your standards of critical analysis and of depth of appreciation will have grown from the first essay to the second. Classics 50A Fall 1995 First Essay Ocrober 13, 1995 Pick me of the following topics. Essays should be four to six pages, typed, on one side, with one inch margins left and right. DOUBLE SPACED. No fancy covers, please! Just a one-sheet cover page, with your name and the number of the question on it. STAPLED. Be clear and precise in your presentation. Write in complete sentences, and THINK and PLAN before you write. When you cite, cite by Book and line, not by page. DO NOT pad your essay with long quotes or paraphrases of the text, when brief mentions and simple citations will do. Essays are due on Monday, OctobefiBrd. 1. Out of the 200 or so “long similes” in the Iliad, I have chosen two (Book 8.306— 308 and 15359-364) for you to analyze and comment on. Your essay should contain the following elements. What is being compared to what? What is the intended effect of each simile in reference to the situation? That is, how does the image illuminate or give emotional impact to the situation? Is the poet successful in this? You should consult Edwards’ Homer. Poet of the Iliad on this (see “similes” in the Index) and Lattimore, M, pp. 40-45. 2. The Iliad is mostly about men in battle, but women also figure prominently. This topic asks you to discuss the roles of women in the Homeric world, and their status within the society. Kinds of questions to keep in mind are: How are women regarded and how do they regard themselves? What is their value? What power do they have? Be concrete; back up your statements with specific references. 3. \What makes a man a man in Homer? Questions you should consider are: What qualities of body, mind, and spirit are desirable, and, by contrast, what qualities are undesirable in a man? What motivates men to act? What constitutes success or failure for a man in this society? Be concrete; back up your statements with specific references. 4. One of the greatest accomplishments of Greek epic poetry is skillful character portrayal. Pick fig of the following figures: Aias, Andromache, Helen, Menelaus, Odysseus, Nestor, Patroclus, Phoenix. (a) Describe the character’s personality and psychological make-up, concentrating on the traits that make him or her a person distinct from other men or women. (b) Tell how the personality emerges for us; that is, how does the poet “build” his portrait within the narrative and the speeches? HINT: Think of the process of character—drawing as a cumulative one, of adding detail to detail as the story proceeds. Classics 50A Midterm exam, Fall 1988 D. Sutton 1. Short identifications (20 pts.—do ten for 2 pts. each): 1. Patroclus 7 Heinrich Schliemann 2. Andromache 8. Poseidon 3. Mycenae 9. Eurycleia 4. Laestrygonians 10. Thersites 5. Phaeacians 11. Telemachus 6. Tieresias 12. The Dark Ages II. Essays: do two for 40 pts. each: 1. What are the differences between oral and written literature? 2. Compare and contrast Achilles and Odysseus as epic heroes. 3. In what ways do the Homric epics reflect the historical environments in which they were written>? 4. In both the Iliad and Odyssey the gods intervene in human affairs. Compare and contrast the ways in which—and the reasons for which—the gods do this in the two eplcs. 2, _ 70 5%;n9m1//€s> mam momma rs fiO n, présfigfil he/S‘ / U/S‘IUE ._ atfim. 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Hist-Classics50A F98 Greek God Essays for Final Exams -...

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