Socialization and Sport - Socialization and Sport Week 3...

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Socialization and Sport Week 3 Socialization “socialization is a process of learning and social development which occurs as we interact with one another and become acquainted with the social world in which we live (C&D 80) - active process of learning and development - involves accepting, resisting and revising messages about the world and who we are (identity) through social interaction à people revise what they are hearing based on their experiences, view of the world based on identity - This definition (used C&D) synthesizes a critical and an integrationist theoretical approaches - But other sociologist would define it differently Functional approach - Internalization model – we automatically gather rules and norms about how the behave in society from our immediate social surroundings as we grow up - Concerned with the values and behaviors of sport participants, particularly as the promote socially desirable characteristics à north America emphasized teamwork and respect - focus on significant others as agents of socialization who socialize athletes into particular activities and behaviors (ex agents, coaches etc) and on causes of participation in certain sports - research from this perspective has revealed useful info about general patterns in sport participation, but does not tell us much about how sports does/doesn’t socialize people into particular values à very limited in what is can tell us about socialization but underpins why sports are offered to children Conflict approach - similarly uses internalization model, but looks at diff factors i.e those that support exploitative economic conditions structure of society - Considers if/how ppl are excluded from sport based on class: and how they are socialized into supporting an unequal economic structure and values such as militarism and “win at all cost” mentality - Limited research on socialization from a conflict theory perspective Interactionist approaches
- newer approaches to socialization in sport treat it as a more interactive process rather than a passive one à kids will develop in the social world while they are in it not simply because they are - interactionist model is the most pop approach because it uses in depth research to understand ppl experiences in sports (using critical theory) connects them to larger structures à not just top down theories - “Socialization involves participatory learning through which people are involved in larger processes of cultural production reproduction and change (C&D 82) Issues in Sport socialization 1. Becoming and staying involved in sports - Many participants (even amateurs_ follow careers that include intro and involvement, developing a commitment and exiting the sport - Acceptance as an athlete in a sport subculture in an ongoing process of identity formation, that involves gaining knowledge, associating with other in the sport, learning rules and norms and gaining full acceptance à you only truly know the subculture of the sport once you’ve played for a little while -

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