Dualism - Stephen Reagin PHIL1334 Question#2 Bloom makes...

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Stephen Reagin PHIL1334 September 27, 2006 Question #2 Bloom makes the argument that we are all dualists from an everyday practicality standpoint, which is different from saying that every person truly believes in the idea of an immaterial soul, or otherwise supernatural entity residing within each of us. He uses the term "common-sense dualism" to represent this idea, and it is exactly this idea which extends into our everyday ethical judgments, and even into the language that we use. For example, we use phrases such as "my body" and "my brain," according to Bloom, and this in effect implies a certain possession or ownership of these physical parts. This common-sense dualism can also help to muddy arguments on either side of issues dealing with abortion, stem-cell research, homosexual lifestyles, capital punishment, and a variety of other "ethical" issues, though the idea of a soul is ironically meant to simplify these grey areas. Bloom separates this argument for dualism from the one posed by Descartes, which begins with the assumption that the soul is a separate, possibly physical entity residing either within the mind, or serving as the basis for "mind." Descartes also toys with the idea that his mind is the only "real" object in any practical sense, because Satan or an otherwise ornery demon could have easily created the settings around him, including his own house or even his own body, in an effort to deceive him, which could also include that even his most basic beliefs could be entirely false. . This approach also helped Descartes to reach the conclusion stated in his Second Meditation of "I am, I exist," which is a slight modification to his more- famous Cogito ergo sum , or "I think, therefore I am," which he had first presented in Discourse on Method , published four years earlier in 1637.
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Instead Bloom argues that what many people tend to perceive as a sort of soul through the use of common-sense dualism, qualities such as consciousness and the capacity to feel and
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Dualism - Stephen Reagin PHIL1334 Question#2 Bloom makes...

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