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Yuhuda, Brand, maternal ptsd 911 sum

Yuhuda, Brand, maternal ptsd 911 sum - Based on the PCL...

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SARAH R. BRAND, a STEPHANIE M. ENGEL, b RICHARD L. CANFIELD,AND RACHEL YEHUDA The Effect of Maternal PTSD Following in Utero Trauma Exposure on Behavior and Temperament in the 9-Month-Old Infant. The purpose of this study was to examine what effect a single traumatic event in a mothers life had on her offspring. This study included 98 women who personally experienced the 9/11 attacks and were pregnant at the time. Following 9/11 participants were given a PTSD checklist (PCL). They also completed this checklist September 11, 2002 and September 11, 2003. Salivary responses were taken at wake up and bed time on September 11, 2002. When the offspring reached 9 months the mothers rated their infants temperament based on the Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ).
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Unformatted text preview: Based on the PCL criteria, 47 women developed PTSD because of 9/11 and 55 did not. Mothers who developed PTSD rated their infants as having more distress. It was found that “Maternal PTSD symptoms were positively correlated with infant distress, and maternal morning cortisol levels were inversely related to infant distress to novelty” (456). PTSD participants also showed significant decreased salivary cortisol in the morning and before bed, compared to the participants who did not develop PTSD. This study shows that individuals prone to PTSD are more likely to produce distressed offspring than individuals less susceptible to PTSD. These findings suggest that genetic and epigenetic influences are involved in developing PTSD....
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