Brahms, Violin Concerto, 3
mvt., V-1-6, p. 307 (Double Stops)
All the excesses of Romanticism
Symphonies with solo and choral singing
Symphony is “an entire world”
Metaphysical or spiritual messages
“Distortion” of melody, motive, harmony
Sym. No. 1 – “Frere Jacques” as funeral march (slow, minor, low instruments)
Mahler, Sym. No. 1 (1888),
Started as symphonic poem, grew to 5 mvts.
Special kind of counterpoint (solos against other lines)
(What instrument starts the solo? String Bass)
Tympony, Violin, Bassoon, Tuba,
When new instruments come in it’s almost like a fuge. Not a round either.
Not happy, abusive father, 5 siblings died of diphtheria, others committed suicide.
Friend of Freud
10 symphonies and “songs on the death of children”
p.309 is an actual picture of symphony #8 being played (symphony of 1,000 people)
Done with Chapter 18
Between Classical and Romantic
Studied with Haydn
Not in a style period, but in-between them
Set apart from Haydn and Mozart
Piano sonatas. Required more technique and sound than previous composers.
Added trombone to Symphony #5
Scherzo literally means joke (fast rusing mvt.)
Listen symphony no. 5 in C Minor, 1
Lasted 5 hours without heat