02282008 - Chapter 5 The middle Ages 5th Century to 13th...

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Chapter 5 The middle Ages 5 th Century to 13 th century Music and the hurch Plainchart All musicians church trained Except Jongleurs Popular musicians-minstrels Served God Gregorian Chant Plain unaccompanied monophonic Pope Gregory 540-604 Assembled Chants Notation began in ninth century Characteristics of plainchant Nonmetrical Medieval modes, p.60 (won’t ask to define separate modes). Church modes can begin on any of the white keys. Most of them have no leading tone. Used to it leading to the tonic, but in most of the modes that half-step wasn’t there. It was a whole step. Hildegard of Bingen Germany 1098-1179 Wrote book of religious visions Compiler AND Composer of Chant Listen “Columba aspexit” I-3, p.64 Drone accompaniment Music at Court Troubadour and Trouvere songs 12 th to 13 th centuries Poet-composers Troubadours, Trouveres, Minnesingers Richard I of England Jongleurs were the musicians. How did early music sound? Don’t know Musicial intruments were different No notation of specific instruments or voices
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Listen Bernart de Ventadorn, La Dousa votz, I-4, p.66 Strophic form Evolution of Polyphony (two different melodies against each other) Organum (900) Parallel One voice move Several notes per note of melody Two counterpoints Definite rhythms! Listen
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02282008 - Chapter 5 The middle Ages 5th Century to 13th...

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