Hum 111 Ancient Chinese Contributions

Hum 111 Ancient Chinese Contributions - Hum 111 Ancient...

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Hum 111 Ancient Chinese Contributions Hum 111 Abstract . (1) Identify eight to ten of these useful inventions or contributions. (2) Nominate four that you believe are the most ingenious or innovative. (3) Explain why you believe these four inventions or contributions are the most useful inventions or contributions from the ancient Chinese. (4) Identify one invention or contribution that you cannot live without and explain why. The Ancient Chinese Contributions (1) Gunpowder One of the inventions created by Ancient China gunpowder as early first century and was used at that time to make medicine for perpetual rejuvenation. Black gunpowder was not invented till the end of the ninth century and was first used to make fireworks, and later the lighting of fireworks became a Chinese tradition to celebrate festivals. The gunpowder was used in weapons at the end of the 10th Century, when firearms such as exploding arrows heads, flintlock rifles and cannon became available on a large scale. During the 18th century when Western powers invaded China, the Chinese troops were still using flintlock rifles and cannons. At the end of the 14th century a Chinese named Wan Hu fitted a chair with 47 prototype self-made rockets and held a large kite in his hands. His plan was to fly into space and then float back down to the Earth using the kite. The rockets ended up exploding and killing Wan Hu but in his honor In the 1970s, the International Astronomical Union named a lunar crater after Wan to commemorate the first person who attempted to fly using rockets. (LAN, 2008) (2) Pasta
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It was around 300 BCE. Shu Hsi, an official editor of ancient texts and one of the most learned men of China. A pasta enthusiast, in about 300 CE, he composed a poem titled: A Rhapsody on Pasta. Chinese made pasta from rice flour. It was soft and was usually used to create Chinese dumplings. ( Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development, 2005) “The Chinese had pasta for every season. Spring was the time for stuffed buns (mantou). In summer a thin pancake, known as po-chuang according to Knechtges was called for, and in fall a leavened product known as chi sou was used; it is an item about which we know very little. The bitter cold winter was the time for a bowl of steaming noodles: In dark winters savage cold, At early morning gatherings Snot freezes in the nose, Frost forms around the mouth. For filling empty stomachs and relieving chills” (Laudan, 2013) (3) Compass The earliest compass was invented in China in the fifth century it resembled a ladle with a round bottom and made of a natural magnet and could be placed on a smooth plate to keep balance and rotate independently. When it was stationary its handle pointed to the south.
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