government Ch 1 notes - Clay Samford, David Baker, Kelly...

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Clay Samford, David Baker, Kelly Nicosia, Reily Janson Chapter 1 Notes For “The Carbon-Based Entities” Political knowledge: 1) fosters civic virtues, such as political tolerance 2) helps citizens to identify what policies would truly benefit them and then incorporate this information in their voting behavior and 3)promotes active participation in politics. -However, political participation and voting has been steadily decreasing. -Government – the institutions and processes through which public policies are made for a society. - two fundamental questions: 1) how should we govern? 2) what should government do? -National governments throughout the world perform the following functions: - Maintain a national defense - Provide public services - Preserve order - Socialize the young - Collect taxes -Public goods – goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must share. -Politics – the process by which we select our governmental leaders and what policies these leaders pursue. Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues. -Political participation – The ways in which people get involved in politics. (ie. voting, protest, and civil disobedience.) -Policymaking system – the process by which policy comes into being and evolves over time. People’s interests, problems, and concerns create political issues for government policymakers. -Linkage institutions
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government Ch 1 notes - Clay Samford, David Baker, Kelly...

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