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Unformatted text preview: Netslik and Inuit- Infanticide Infanticide- killing of infant immediately I. Reasons advanced for infanticide II. Population regulation a. Unlikely because no evidence they were pressing against environmental limits and resource fluctuations are so unpredictable that limitations on reproductive females would not be effective b. The free-rider problem. If some decided not to kill daughters then they would swamp the population at the expense of the daughter killers. No evidence that non-family members could force infanticide III. Psychological reason a. Freeman and other argue that it is a matter of male dominance and jealousy towards females i. Unlikely because considerable evidence that men and women both make decision IV. Nestlik infanticide: actors and methods a. More or less passive, child set out to die, in some cases suffocated with fur b. All the preparations for infanticide made by mother c. Decision to kill made by mother, father, or mother’s parents d. Frequently father has the major role e. If child is named then it will probably not be killed V. Netslik reasons for infanticide: three principle causes according to Balikci a. When husband doubts paternity b. Immediate ecological stress (no food available and times are hard) c. Long term inability to support child, men produce a huge proportion of food therefore one must think twice about producing unproductive female VI. The need for hunters & sex ratio balancing a. Males suffer extremely high mortality rated through hunting accidents b. Males produce nearly all food c. Although females vitally important in food processing and clothing manufacture, all will starve if there are insufficient hunters d. Sons favored because can provide benefits to parents and kin through their hunting efforts that girls cannot VII. Difficulty of hunting and variation in sex ratio a. Among Inuit groups where hunting is easy the sex ratio is not so male biased b. Crossculturally, there is a correlation between the sex that produces most food and biases on sex ratio VIII. Yanomamo infanticide: sex based? a. Preferential female infanticide, the evidence b. Pre-reproductive sex ratio about 125:100 c. Yanomamo express a strong preference for boys d. Universal sex ratio at birth about 104:100 e. Neel concludes that about 1 of 4 girls killed at birth IX. Contrary evidence for biased infanticide a. Decision to kill child is made before birth of child b. Evidence that Amazonians have elevated sex ratios, around 110 c. Infanticide data collected by Chagnon shows no biasing X. Murdock’s function of the family a. Nuclear family satisfies sexual needs and diminished the disruptive force of sexual competition b. Protects the female during her long pregnancy and during months n year of lactation c. Essential for child rearing and enculturation d. Leads to sexual division of labor which makes subsistence more efficient XI. Basic Family forms a. Polygynous- man has more than one wife b. Joint- pair of brothers who live in same household w/ wives and children...
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- Spring '07
- Nuclear family