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history lecture notes

history lecture notes - B"corporatism values values of the...

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B. “corporatism” values – values of the corporation -planned/controlled -predictable- you know whats going to happen next, how much things are going to cost -efficient- don’t want any waste, very systematic workplace -hierarchical -profitable (hence the necessity of consumption New ways to run the government (progressivism, 1890’s-1920’s) i. Introductory comments a. Want government to take active role b. Business and government overlap ii. The world to which progressives responded a. The problems of industrialization b. The problems of urbanization- all these people of top of each other and no way to keep the city clean c. The problems of political corruption- fraud, more done on favoritism iii. How did people learn about these problems? a. The muckrakers- journalists, progressive era journalists who wrote sensational exposes to expose problems in order to raise awareness among the middle class. If you tap into middle class then you might be able to provoke some real outrage in people who have some power i. Jacob Riis(“How the Other Half Lives,” 1890) if people can see what it’s like then it is going to provoke outrage, believed change was needed, people should not live or work like this iv. So what were, then, the main ideas of progressivism a. Government intervention/regulation- rejecting laissez fair, must set up more active and regulatory state b. Optimistic faith that people could change society for the better- responsibility of society to bring about reforms c. Faith in science and experts-
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d. Maternalism- government should behave as a mother would v. Closer look at 2 different progressives a. Teddy Roosevelt: progressivism at the presidential level (Meat Inspection act, 1906; Pure Food and Drug Act, 1906 directly in response to “The Jungle”; US Forest Service- in line with concerns about environment increases acreage of national forest) “good” trusts vs. “bad” trusts only breaks up monopolies when they are detrimental to society b. Florence Kelly (National Consumers League; “white” lists)- appeal to the middle class, finds the businesses that treat their workers well and publishes them on the white list vi. Other progressives reforms worth noting (note regulation and control) a. The Federal Reserve Act (1913)-central banking system, adjusts interest rates, adjusts amount of money in circulation, to make sure economy functions smoothly b. Federal Trade Commission (1914)- investigate monopolistic practices of businesses c. 16 th amendment (1913)- puts into place income taxes vii. Considering again the relationship between these new corporations and the state a. The government is going after businesses is one way to look at it b. A lot of demand for change came from businesses themselves i. Would rather have regulation then state just coming in and taking it over ii.
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history lecture notes - B"corporatism values values of the...

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