7klX9IdQ - Def of Orature Orature was invented by 2 Ugandan...

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Def of Orature; Orature was invented by 2 Ugandan scholars; Pio Zirimu and Austin Bukenya who argued that the term Oral literature was a contradiction in terms. They argued that the Latin word ‘Litera’ – ‘ture’ describe the written tradition therefore contaridicting the ord Oral. Recently Oral Literature and Orature are synonyms. Okot p’ Bitek(1973) – “Orature is all the creative works of man expressed in words weather song, song, spoken or written down.” Akivaga and Odaga(1982 ) – Orature is spoken , acted (performed)art whose medium like that off written literature is words. Nandwa and Bukenya (1983) – Orature are utterances whether spoken , recited or sang whose composition and performance exhibit to an appreciable degree the artistic character of accurate observation, vivid imagination and igneous expression. All the definitions underscore the core element of Orature as spoken, perfomed and its creative nature. Also known as Traditional Literature, Folk literature or Folklore. Traditional Literature – Implies wrongly that the knowledge entailed in Orature is old and outdated. It assumes that the knowledge is handed dow across several generations without any adjustments making it largely irrelevant in the contemporary context. Folk Literature – This term is inaccurate in the sense that it identifies th creatures of literature as the folk which imply uneducated members of rural communities lackinmg meaningful knowledge to offer to modern society. Folklore – A much broader term tha Orature refers to the entire body of traditional knowledge possessed by a given society especially during its earlier or primitive stages of development. DEVELOPMENT OF ORATURE AS AN ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE IN EAST AFRICA African literature was neglected and repressed during the colonial period. The imperialists regarded it as primitive and having no place in the modern world. Conservative scholars belief that verbal art lacked any sense of intellectual merit therefore not wort being taught as an academic discipline. The few who studied African oral traditions only did so to justify their prejudice and assumed superiorty. The Eng Dept from at the University of Nairobi was Eurocentric and only offered Western lit nad teaching of African lit was forbidden . the story however came to change after independence due to the strong sense of Nationalism sweeping in Africa. Pionner scholars in 1968, Ngugi wa Thiong’o, Taban Loliyong and Henry Awuor Atumba from UON began advocating for the nclusion of African lit in schools and Universities. The 3 presented a paper to the Eng dept in the university in which they argued for the re revival of African Cultural Tradition. They condemned the Eng dept for emphasizing on the European Lit at the expense of African knowledge.
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At Makerere Unv, the shlars were instrumental in exposing the problems caused by the imposition of Europea knowledges within the region. At Dar-es-laam Grant Kamenjo was equally involved in the African formation of the English syllabus.
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  • Summer '14
  • Prof.EmmaNgure
  • Oral tradition, orature, Makerere. Orature

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